Castleknock (Irish: Caisleán Cnucha, meaning “Cnucha’s Castle”) is a suburb of Dublin and a civil parish in Fingal, Ireland. It is located 8 km (5 mi) west of the centre of Dublin.
The village is located just inside the city’s M50 motorway ring road, bordered to the west by the large suburb of Blanchardstown women skater dress, to the east by the Phoenix Park, to the north by Dunsink and to the south by the village of Chapelizod above the Liffey valley. The N3 Navan Road also serves the area. The Royal Canal and the Dublin-Sligo railway line pass through the area from east to west.
The village of Castleknock is in the Dublin 15 postal area.
The Dublin Suburban Rail the Western Suburban Railway Line or Maynooth Line running from Dublin Connolly to Maynooth. Castleknock railway station opened on 2 July 1990.
As part of the government’s “Transport 21” strategy, a Metro line was planned, from the southern suburb of Tallaght, through the neighbourhood of Castleknock, to Dublin Airport. Quoting from the plans:
“The path of the Metro will first swing into Dublin 15 at the south end of Castleknock golf course and proceed past Porterstown playing pitches where it is hoped to have “minimal impact.” The stop at Porterstown will be directly above the current Maynooth train line allowing the potential in the future to integrate the two services. Another stop will be provided at the Millennium Park with the line going around the park’s perimeter rather than cutting through it as had originally been envisaged. It will then proceed around by McDonalds before its major stop in Dublin 15 adjacent to Draíocht, the Civic Offices, and the shopping centre. Its path will then continue around the Westend side of the shopping centre, past Westpoint where it will cross the Navan Road and go up the Snugborough Road.”
Public transport in Castleknock is provided by Dublin Bus routes 37 and 38.
St. Brigid is the patron saint of the village.
“During the Milesian era Castleknock is named as one of twenty-five places at which Conmhaol of the race of Eber, while holding the sovereignty of Ireland, defeated in battle the descendants of Eremon,’ and a Celtic writer mentions that Castleknock was sometimes known as duma meic Eremon, or the duma of the sons of Eremon.’ The mention of a duma shows that there was at a very early time an eminence of note at Castleknock ; the duma may have been, Mr. Westropp observes, used for purposes of residence, sepulchre, or outlook, or, as in the case of Duma Selga, for all three.”
In a poem relating to the earliest centuries after Christ the origin of the name Cnucha is connected with Conn of the Hundred Battles, and the name is said to have been borne by his foster-mother: —
The Barony of Castleknock was originally a feudal lordship created in the 12th century for the Tyrell family; it passed by inheritance to the Burnell family. The first Baron, Hugh Tyrrel, gave lands in the barony at Kilmainham to the Knights of St. John who continue in the area today in the form of St. John Ambulance. Later, civil parishes, based on the boundaries of the Ecclesiastical parishes of the Established church were used to sub-divide the barony. This table lists the nine civil parishes of the barony.
Note 1: the entire barony lies north of the River Liffey. The parish of St Jude’s, which consists of six townlands, is situated on both banks of the Liffey. The only part of the parish that lies to the north of the Liffey is a field of 499 acres in the south-eastern corner of the Phoenix Park as well as a thin strip of 49 acres between the Chapelizod road and the river – the townland of Longmeadows. According to the 6 inch historical maps from the Ordnance Survey of Ireland that were created in 1829, no such parish exists. Only the later map of 1889, at a scale of 25 inches, displays the parish.
Within the civil parish of Castleknock, there are 22 townlands per the table below. Like all civil parishes in Ireland, this civil parish is derived from, and co-extensive with, a pre-existing parish of the Church of Ireland. The core of the parish is centred on the townland and village of the same name. The townland at the northern extremity is Huntstown, not to be confused with Huntstown and Littlepace in the neighbouring parish of Clonsilla; to south it is bounded by the River Liffey and the Phoenix Park; to the west it is bounded by Coolmine railway station and Blanchardstown Shopping Centre; to the east lies the 8th lock of the Royal Canal and the Cabra Gate of the Phoenix Park.
For convenience, the table below groups the parish’s townlands by their location in one of the modern local authority areas. Some townlands, however, straddle both areas.
Castleknock was a rural village in western County Dublin until the late 1960s, when the first housing estates began to be developed. Castleknock developed in tandem with neighbouring settlement Blanchardstown, both of which grew rapidly from the early 1970s to the present. During the 1970s and 1980s, the village became subsumed into the suburban fabric of Dublin.
Local representatives have criticised developments which they say are to the detriment of the local character and integrity of the village.
In February 2010, there were concerns about the fate of the old post office when hoarding was erected around the site. However, “proposed work involves a high quality restoration of the building to its former state after many years during which it has remained vacant.”
In the village proper may be found the Castleknock Village Centre, Castlecourt Shopping Centre and Ashleigh Centre shopping precincts which contain a variety of small local businesses and restaurants. The Post Office is located in the Castlecourt Shopping Centre (having previously been in the Castleknock Village Centre for many years).
Note: the original Post Office is immediately to the left hand side of the two storey corner building visible in the photograph above.
The original Post Office was located directly opposite the Church in a row of about 6 semi-detached styled houses. This is where the P&T would collect all the post from. There was a small sorting office out the back with some mail bags being left in the shed when the PO was shut.
There are three Health Centres that serve Castleknock and alternative meat tenderizer, more generally, the Dublin 15 area, located at Riverside, Corduff and Roselawn.
The is in Castleknock.
In the feudal period mentioned above, the civil parish was coterminous with the ecclesiastical parish. Following the changes of the Reformation, the effect of the Penal Laws and population changes, this is no longer the case. In the Roman Catholic Church, there are today six parishes that serve the same area: St.Mochta’s Parish, Blanchardstown parish, Castleknock parish, Corduff parish, Laurel Lodge parish and Navan Road parish. Merger, not sub-division, has been the practice of the Church of Ireland, both in Castleknock and nationally, due to dwindling numbers of adherents. This has resulted in the merger of three civil parishes to form the United Parishes of Castleknock and Mulhuddart with Clonsilla
The list below groups the churches by congregation in the parish
Castleknock is located in the “Castleknock ward” for the purposes of elections to Fingal County Council (following the abolition of County Dublin as an administrative division of the state). In the 2009 local elections, the following candidates were elected to the four seats (with percentage share of first preference vote): Joe Higgins (Socialist Party) 28.07%, Eithne Loftus (Fine Gael) 22.45%, Peggy Hamill (Labour) 16.32% and Mags Murray (Fianna Fáil) 12.44%.
Castleknock is in the Dublin West (Dáil Éireann constituency) and in Dublin (European Parliament constituency).
From . logainm.ie (in English and Irish). Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Retrieved 26 March 2016.