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Parlamentsvalget i Hellas juni 2012

██ Nytt demokrati

██ SYRIZA

Parlamentsvalget i Hellas i juni 2012 fant sted sted 17. juni 2012. Det var seks uker etter parlamentsvalget 6 how to tenderize cooked pork. mai 2012 som ikke resulterte i noe regjeringsdyktig flertall eller koalisjon.

Hellas’ parlament har 300 medlemmer som samtlige er på valg ved et parlamentsvalg. Alle greske borgere som har fylt 18 år er stemmeberettiget, tilsammen 9,85 millioner velgere. I Hellas er det valgplikt for alle, men unnlatelse av å oppfylle plikten medfører ingen sanksjoner.

Valget følger et system som i det vesentlige er et forholdstallsvalg. 288 av de 300 setene blir valgt fra 56 valgkretser football uniform maker. Valgkretsenes representasjon i står i forhold til folketallet. Athen har således med sine 1,4 millioner innbyggere 42 plasser i nasjonalforsamlingen. Valget foregår over partilister og velgerne kan kumulere kandidater på den listen de har valgt. I åtte små valgkretser velges kun en kandidat. Her velges den kandidat som får de fleste stemmene, slik at valgsystemet på denne måten også inneholder et element av flertallsvalg. Tolv representanter blir valgt etter rent forholdstallsvalg.

Et parti må overstige en sperregrense på 3 prosent for å bli representert i parlamentet.

Fordelingen av seter i parlamentet skjer slik at det partiet som får flest stemmer også får en bonus på 50 plasser. Et valgforbund har etter dette systemet praktisk talt ingen mulighet til å oppnå bonusen, da deres stemmeandeler blir vektlagt etter hvor mange stemmer de enkelte partier i forbundet mottar. De øvrige stemmene blir fordelt proporsjonalt mellom alle partier som har passert sperregrensen. På denne måten har de store partiene en fordel og kan lettere danne regjering.

██ Nytt demokrati: 129 mandater

██ SYRIZA: 71 mandater

██ PASOK: 33 mandater

██ Uavhengige grekere: 20 mandater

██ Demokratiske venstre: 17 mandater

██ Hellas’ kommunistparti: 12 mandater

Antonis Samaras leder av Nytt Demokrati, kunngjorde dagen etter valget at han ville starte forhandlinger om regjeringsdannelse og finne frem til en nasjonal enighet. Han holdt straks møte med lederen av Syriza, Alexis Tsipras som imidlertid ikke ønsket å delta i regjeringen.

Samaras ble 20. juni 2012 av Hellas’ president Karolos Papoulias utnevnt som ny statsminister i Hellas. Hans regjering ble støttet av Nytt demokrati, PASOK og Demokratiske venstre og dermed et flertall i Hellas’ parlament med 179 av parlamentets 300 medlemmer.

Corruption in Equatorial Guinea

Corruption in Equatorial Guinea is high by world standards and considered among the worst of any country on earth. It has been described as “an almost perfect kleptocracy” in which the scale of systemic corruption and the rulers’ indifference towards the people’s welfare place it at the bottom of every major governance indicator or ranking, below nations with similar per capita GDPs.

“Few countries symbolize oil-fuelled corruption and nepotism more than Equatorial Guinea”, wrote Jan Mouawad in the New York Times in July 2009. Its corruption system, according to the Open Society Foundations (OSF), is “unparalleled in its brazenness”. This government is controlled by a limited group of powerful individuals who divert most of the country’s revenues into their own clandestine bank accounts in other nations. Equatorial Guinea’s corruption is so entrenched, scholar Geoffrey Wood has claimed, that it can be classified as a criminal state.

This situation is especially dramatic due in large part to the massive scale of the country’s revenues from oil and other natural resources. The Guardian noted that the nation is enormously wealthy due to vast oil reserves, but that that wealth is concentrated in the hands of an elite minority. Despite its GDP per capita of $32,026 – which makes it richer than any other African country and places it above Spain, Portugal, and Russia – Equatorial Guinea is ranked 136th out of 187 countries in the Human Development Index measure of quality of life. While the people of Equatorial Guinea technically have a per capita GDP similar to Spain or Italy, the vast majority live in poverty worse than Afghanistan or Chad, according to Arvind Ganesan of Human Rights Watch in 2009, attributing this disparity to the government’s corruption, incompetence, and disregard of its own people’s well-being. Most people in Equatorial Guinea remain in abject poverty, with no access to healthcare or education. Meanwhile, any criticism of the ruling class is non-existent due to the government’s use of force and intimidation to silence opposition.

Sasha Lezhnev of Global Witness noted in 2008 that the government earns oil revenues in the billions yearly, while the population lives on less than $1 a day. President Teodoro Obiang is said to have control over the oil reserves and the government, Ganesan claimed, and consequentially the country’s immensely rich treasury is “a private cash machine for a few” rather than used for any public benefit. According to the Financial Times, foreign diplomats joke that Equatorial Guinea is a family-run business which holds a seat at the UN. The nation is known among foreign businessmen as a poor environment for business and investments. The individual who has become most associated in the international media with the corruption of Equatorial Guinea’s leaders is Teodorin Obiang, a son of the president whose lavish lifestyle in southern California, Paris, and elsewhere has made headlines and been the target of investigations by American and French authorities, among others.

Because of the levels of corruption, the country always ranks near the bottom of Transparency International’s (TI) Corruption Perception Index. In 2009, only seven countries were lower. It is the only nation in the world since 2008 to receive a score of ‘zero’ for budget transparency. In 2008, a U.S. State Department report indicated that officials in Equatorial Guinea are frequently engaging in corruption and illegal practices with impunity. In 2014, the country received a score of zero on TI’s “Open Budget Index.” From 1996 to 2013, the Economic Intelligence Unit gave the country a score of 0.0 for “control of corruption”. On the National Resource Governance Institute’s Resource Governance Index, Equatorial Guinea received a “failing” score of 13/100, ranking 56th out of 58 countries. On “reporting practices”, it received a score of 14/100, for a rank of 55th.

In 2011, Freedom House put Equatorial Guinea in its “worst of the worst” category for governments that violate human rights and civil liberties, which also includes North Korea, Sudan, and Turkmenistan. In its 2014 world report, Human Rights Watch (HRW) stated: “Corruption, poverty, and repression continue to plague Equatorial Guinea…..Vast oil revenues fund lavish lifestyles for the small elite surrounding the president, while a large proportion of the population continues to live in poverty. Mismanagement of public funds and credible allegations of high-level corruption persist, as do other serious abuses, including arbitrary detention, secret detention, and unfair trials.”

This corruption system has existed in more or less its present form since the early 1980s, when the government seized farmland on Bioko Island belonging mostly to Spanish and Portuguese owners and redistributed it to members of the Nguema/Mongomo group.

Corruption in Equatorial Guinea is carried out via an elaborate system that is the exclusive province of President Obiang and his circle, known collectively as “the Nguema/Mongomo group”. The members of this group divert revenue from Equatorial Guinea’s natural resources, including land and hydrocarbon, to their own private accounts.

Equatorial Guinea’s corruption system has been called “a seamless and self-reinforcing web of political, economic, and legal power,” whereby the members of the Nguema/Mongomo group employ the power of the government to enrich themselves. Their increasing wealth enables them, in turn, to finance ever more efficiently their political machine that subverts and undermines effective opposition through repression, intimidation, violence, and bribery. Meanwhile, the group’s domination of the legal system enables them to make their misappropriate of wealth appear lawful.

Several sources indicate that there are serious tensions within the group, with considerable competition for power and favors.

Between 1995 and 2004, much of the money extorted from the people of Equatorial Guinea by the Nguema/Mongomo group was deposited in Riggs Bank in Washington, D.C. According to Human Rights Watch, Riggs had been aware of the level of corruption and human rights concerns in the country.

A 2004 U.S. Senate probe determined that Equatorial Guinea’s oil-revenues account at Riggs Bank was controlled by three persons: President Obiang, Africa’s longest-serving dictator; his son Gabriel Mbega Obiang Lima (who is minister of mines); and his nephew, Melchor Esono Edjo (who is secretary of state for treasury and budget). Two signatures, the President’s and that of either his son or nephew, were required to remove funds from the account. From 2000 to 2003, about $34 million was transferred from that account into foreign bank accounts held by shell corporations – for example, an account at Spain’s Banco Santander owned by Kalunga S.A., a firm registered in Panama, and an account at HSBC Luxembourg owned by Apexside Trading Ltd. Probes by a Spanish NGO and by the Open Society Justice Initiative showed that millions of dollars from the Kalunga account were spent on properties in Spain purchased in the names of President Obiang and other high officials, former high officials, and Obianga relatives.

Since then, the government has expropriated other valuable land, mostly the homes of poor and middle-class Equatoguineans. Thousands of people have been the victims of these seizures, for which very few of them are compensated and in response to which they have no legal recourse. Many of those who have protested these expropriations have been abused and intimidated by soldiers or police. Officially, these lands are seized for public purposes, but in fact they have ended up in the hands of members of the Nguema/Mongomo group, who have built homes or businesses on the properties. In 2003, for example, Le Temps (Geneva) reported on a village in which 75 people lived in abject poverty having been uprooted by the regime from their homes, which had been used to construct a methanol factory without compensation or apology. A 2013 Amnesty report stated that over 1,000 families in the country had been forcibly removed from their homes so that the government could build roads, luxury homes and hotels, and shopping centers. Many of the homes demolished were in perfect shape, with the vast majority of those living there holding land titles. Despite promises from the government to relocate victims to new homes, to date no one has be compensated in any way.

The 1990s saw the discovery of petroleum and natural gas in the waters off Equatorial Guinea. The “oil rush” began in 1995 when ExxonMobil began working the Zafiro field; shortly after, Hess and Marathon also began exploiting the nation’s natural-gas reserves. By 2005, Equatorial Guinea was sub-Saharan Africa’s third-largest oil producer, after Nigeria and Angola. Even as the oil and gas business has thrived, however, most Equatoguineans have continued to support themselves through subsistence farming and lived almost exclusively outside of the nation’s monetary economy. This is because government authorities have used their political power to limit participation in the exploitation of the country’s natural resources to themselves and other members of the Nguema/Mongomo group, granting business licenses and approvals only to the chosen few. Agencies that provide jobs in these businesses are also owned by members of the group, and the granting of such jobs is also limited in a similar way.

Other means by which members of Nguema/Mongomo group enrich themselves include “sweetheart” co-investments with foreign companies (deals with such favorable terms they cannot logically be passed up), rigged contracts, bribes from foreign companies to the Nguema/Mongomo group, and monopoly arrangements for all Nguema/Mongomo enterprises involved in the petroleum and gas industry.

For example, a U.S. Senate probe noted that Mobil, in 1998–99, had sold a 15% stake in a joint business, Mobil Oil Guinea Ecuatorial (MOGE), to the Obiang-owned company Socio Abayak, S.A., for $2,300. By 2004, Abayak’s MOGE holdings were worth $645,000. ExxonMobil could not explain the sale to Senate investigators. Another firm, Marathon, has paid Obiang over $2 million for land. Amerada Hess paid government officials and their relatives nearly $1 million for building leases. Of 28 properties Hess leased in Equatorial Guinea, 18 were owned by Obiang family members and persons connected to the family. Representatives for both Hess and ExxonMobil told U.S. Senate investigators that they had purchased their security services in Equatorial Guinea, at non-negotiable prices, from Sociedad Nacional de Vigilancia (Sonavi), which is owned by Obiang’s brother, Armengol Ondo Nguema, and which has a monopoly on security services in the country.

As of 2009, according to the U.S. State Department, most ministers in Equatorial Guinea also operate conflated businesses along with their government responsibilities. For instance, the minister of justice owns his own private law firm, while the minister of transport and communications was director of the firm’s board and owned shares in both the parastatal airline and the national telephone company. In addition, in 2008 when the government began distributing funds for social projects for the social development fund (SDF), a development mechanism created jointly with foreign investors to promote a culture of transparency and openness, one minister reportedly chose his own firm to receive funds rather than any bidding firms. It also surfaced that the minister had not even placed a bid of their own. The minister defended his actions by claiming his firm was eligible to receive SDF money.

The President has been criticized as living a life of lavish and absurd luxury yielding considerable waste. He has six personal aircraft, homes in Cape Town, Paris, Madrid, Las Palmas and Maryland, and bank accounts in numerous countries, including France and Switzerland. He bought a $2.6 million residence in Potomac, Maryland in 1999. A 2001 memorandum noted the sale by Obiang of two properties in Spain for $5 million, which was deposited in Riggs Bank.

Obiang’s so-called “senior wife”, Constancia Mangue (he has five wives), who is considered first lady, is minister of health and social action. Se bought her own $1.15 million residence in Potomac, Maryland, not to be confused with her husband’s home in the same city. At one point, five accounts and three certificates of deposit at Riggs Bank were held in Constancia’s name, and ExxonMobil made several payments into these accounts. Andrew P. Swiger of ExxonMobil told investigators that his firm co-owned the Obiang energy firm Abayak with Constancia, who, he said, received 15 percent of all revenue from Abayak.

A company called Nusiteles, G.E., founded in 2000 to provide domestic telephone and computer services, is partly owned by the Obiangs through Abayak waist bag for running, and partly owned by other high Equatoguinean officials. As of 2004, Abayak is the only construction company in all of Equatorial Guinea.

The President and First Lady also own two clinics called Virgen de Guadalupe, as came to light in January 2009 when a Paraguayan couple who had worked at the clinics were arrested in January 2009 for stealing 6.1 million euros in cash, jewelry, and other valuables.

In October 2013, according to a Spanish news source, Contancia Mangue and Cristina Lima, another of Obiang’s wives, got into a heated argument over dinner with Obiang. Mangue accused Lima, who was described as the country’s second lady, of doing nothing to help the country’s women. In return Lima accused Mangue of looting the nation’s wealth. Obiang reportedly intervened several times and told his wives to go to their own hometowns.

Another Obiang son, Gabriel (Gabi) Mbaga Obiang Lima, is the minister of mines, industry, and energy, and has the power to arrange oil concessions. Lima, whose mother is Obiang’s second wife, Celestine Lima, has been called the “lord and master” of Equatorial Guinea’s oil industry. He controls the production of half a million barrels of oil per day and travels frequently to such countries as Angola, Malaysia, France, China, the United States, Canada, Brazil, Britain, Switzerland, and Trinidad and Tobago, where he has lucrative business partners and, in some cases, numbered bank accounts and safe-deposit boxes. A 2012 article in a Spanish news source lamented that the extensive media attention accorded to Teodorin’s corruption had overshadowed the investigation by Spanish authorities of Gabi’s money-laundering in Spain and his purchase of various properties in that country.

Until early 2015, Candido Nsue Okomo, the First Lady’s brother, served as head of the state-owned oil company, GEPetrol. Foreign oil executives complained that Okomo made ludicrous and impossible demands of them and hindered investments. The Netherlands-based Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations noted that President Obiang and his family have personal interests in GEPetrol and that Transparency International (TI) gave GEPetrol a low score for transparency in its 2008 revenue report, indicating the company to be highly intransparent. Okomo is now minister of youth and sports.

Ruslan Obiang, a son of the President, is Equatorial Guinea’s sports minister and president of a top soccer club, the “Panthers”. He has lived in Spain, where he encouraged firms to do business in his country. Several Spanish businessmen have complained about the consequences of these deals. One Spaniard who had paid $200,000 to secure a contract to build soccer stadiums described a system that involved bribes at every turn. After paying bribes for years, however, his deal eventually fell apart when he refused to pay any more in bribes to Ruslan Obiang and his associates. The businessman was critical of business in the country, saying officials exploit as much money as possible until moving on to another contractor team shirts football. The businessman also noted that he had been threatened on several occasions, both with violence, and trumped-up rape charges that could have resulted in him being imprisoned. His report claimed that there is no avenue for justice in the nation, since “[t]he corruption is absolute and endemic; there is nobody you can turn to.” After the deal collapsed, one of his business partners was visited at his Portugal home by men in dark suits who staked outside his home for several days as a threat and then visited him in his office. Herein they warned him that if he reported his story to the media or any authorities there would be consequences. He concluded: “You sign a contract with the son of the president and you believe it is worth something. You have no idea what is going to happen to you. We had to flee the country. We were afraid for our lives.”

Ricardo Mangue Obama Nfubea became prime minister in 2006 and promised to fight corruption. However his purported efforts have had an almost no impact on corruption in the country.

A foreign businessman complained that his difficulties with doing business in Equatorial Guinea only become worse when he was required to deal with Emilio Oñebula, a senior official in the sports ministry: “Everything is so easy that you fall for it. As long as you are paying them, they do not leave you alone for a moment. Initially I thought that this was just the way they did things, but I later realized that they are simply keeping an eye on you. If you went out alone, they got angry. We were watched the whole time.”

Teodoro Nguema Obiang, known as Teodorin, is the President’s oldest son and was for many years the country’s minister of forestry. He has been sardonically called “the world’s richest minister of agriculture and forestry.” Through his solely owned firm Grupo Sofana and its affiliate Somagui Forestal, Teodorin owned, and may still own, “exclusive rights of exploiting and exporting timber in Equatorial Guinea.” Teodorin also owns the nation’s only TV station glass bottle distributors, as well as Radio Asonga, the nation’s main radio station. In May 2012, he was removed from the ministry and given the title of “second vice president”, a position that is not mentioned in the nation’s constitution, and placed in charge of state security.

The heir apparent to the presidency, Teodorin has been described as “fantastically corrupt” and has been called “an unstable, reckless idiot” by a former U.S. intelligence official. His lifestyle, which has been characterized by Foreign Policy as a “surreal playboy life,” has been the focus of media attention around the world, making him the personification of the Obiang regime’s corruption.

A 2009 New York Times article stated that U.S. officials believed that the vast majority of Teodorin’s assets derived “from corruption related to the extensive oil and gas reserves discovered more than a decade and a half ago off the coast of his tiny West African country.” Another source of Teodorin’s wealth, according to the article, was a tax on timber, the payments of which were made directly to him. The Justice Department also suggested that Teodorin might be taking bribes or extortion payments from oil companies. Later investigations by the U.S. Senate and other bodies (see below) established many of the sources of his wealth and uncovered details of his personal expenditures.

Teodorin “shamelessly looted his government and shook down businesses in his country to support his lavish lifestyle, while many of his fellow citizens lived in extreme poverty,” said U.S. Assistant Attorney General Leslie Caldwell in 2014. Although Teodorin’s annual salary was about $100,000, he had managed “through bribes, kickbacks, embezzlement, and extortion” to accumulate a fortune of over $300 million, including major U.S. assets owned and acquired through shell companies and third parties.

The U.S. Department of Justice has accused Teodorin of carrying out “corruption schemes” and charging businesses illegal commissions. It has further charged him with extorting France’s Isoroy, Spain’s ABM, and Italy’s Agroforestal. “He threatened timber companies, among them Isoroy and ABM, that refused to meet his payment demands,” according to the charge. One Spanish businessmen told El Pais in 2013 that he and his business partners had run several firms in Malabo and Bata between 2009 and 2011, and simply to meet with Teodorín at his house in Paris to make necessary arrangements required payment of a so-called “intentions royalty” of 40,000 to 100,000 euros. Also, the government compelled foreign businessmen to leave machinery behind when they were done with it so that the government could keep it. “If you don’t accept,” said the businessman, “you know that you will end up in the Black Beach prison.”

Another Spanish businessman, who supervised ABM’s operations in Equatorial Guinea from 1995 to 1997, said Teodorín “would call us to come to his office, which meant wearing a suit and tie. He would keep you waiting for five hours and then appear wearing shorts. He would then tell you how much he wanted you to pay him, and that you had a week to do so, saying: ‘If you don’t pay, we will confiscate the machinery and give your concession to the Chinese.’ We had to flee the country. He was demanding millions. The only ones who stayed were those who paid him.” Yet another Spanish firm, which was forced to work with a local company on whose board of directors Teodorin sat, “had to pay commissions at every stage of the way” and was confronted “with permits and other obstacles”; after the firm had filled a warehouse with timber, one member of the firm was arrested and imprisoned on trumped-up charges of rape, apparently a standard way of treating foreign businesspeople. “He caught malaria and had a fever….In return for being allowed to leave, he had to agree to leave all his money and the timber warehouse behind.”

As of March 2014, Roberto Berardi, an Italian businessman who partnered with Teodorin in a construction company, was serving a 28-month sentence in Bata prison after being found guilty on charges of misappropriation brought by Teodorin; Bernardi has said “he was unjustly jailed after he demanded explanations from Teodorin for their company, Eloba Construccion S.A., being named in the U.S. investigation against the vice-president.”

In 1991, Teodorin, then 22, enrolled in an English language course at Pepperdine University in Malibu. Walter International, a U.S. energy firm with a stake in Equatorial Guinea’s offshore fields, agreed to pay his $3400 tuition and his living expenses. Teodorin rejected the dormitory and instead “shuttled between two off-campus residences: a rental home in Malibu and a suite at the Beverly Wilshire hotel. He rarely attended class, instead spending much of his time shopping in Beverly Hills. Teodorin dropped out of the program after five months; Walter International’s tab came to about $50,000.”

From 2004 to 2008, U.S. lawyers, bankers, and real estate and escrow agents helped Teodorin move over $110 million through U.S. bank accounts.

From 1998 to 2006, he owned a mansion on a 16-acre estate at 3620 Sweetwater Mesa Road, in the private gated community of Serra Retreat in Malibu. He owned the house through his company Sweetwater Mesa LLC, which in April 2006 sold this property to another of his shell firms, Sweetwater Malibu LLC. (He also owns a firm called Sweetwater Management Inc.) The $35 million purchase price made it the sixth costliest home purchase in the U.S. in 2006. It was also the most expensive home purchase in California in 2006. The estate includes two guard houses. “A long, tree-lined driveway runs from the estate’s main gate past a motor court with fountains and down to a 15,000-square-foot mansion with eight bathrooms and an equal number of fireplaces,” reported Foreign Policy in 2011. “The grounds overlook the Pacific Ocean, complete with swimming pool, tennis court, four-hole golf course, and Hollywood stars Mel Gibson, Britney Spears, and Kelsey Grammer for neighbors.” Over the years a dozen former employees at his Malibu estate sued him for unpaid salaries, overtime, and expenses. They described a lifestyle consisting of “drug ‘binges’…escort service girls, Playboy bunnies, and even a tiger.” One ex-employee said, “I never witnessed him perform anything that looked like work….His days consisted entirely of sleeping, shopping and partying.”

Teodorin’s female companions in southern California have included a porn actress, a former Playboy Playmate of the Month, and a Grammy-winning rapper and actress named Eve, whom he appointed as president, treasurer, and CFO of one of his shell companies, Sweet Pink. He also secured female party guests from escort agencies. In 2005, he paid $700,000 to rent a yacht from Microsoft’s Paul Allen for a party. In 2009 he spent a month on Maui, flying there on his Gulfstream V, chartering another jet for employees, and also bringing along escort girls, sports cars, and a speedboat.

At one point he routinely carried up to $1 million in cash into the U.S., and always had a bag stuffed with fresh $100 bills. He has stayed in the $5,000-a-night presidential suite at the Four Seasons in Las Vegas and has also spent time in Miami and Palm Beach, in addition to such places outside the U.S. as Bermuda, Nice, and Paris.

Teodorin owned and ran TNO Records and TNO Entertainment, which produced two techno records in 2003. He also released a rap song, “No Better Than This”, by Won-G Bruny cushioned football socks.

A 2009 New York Times article reported that, as of that time, Teodorin frequently visited the U.S., traveling on a diplomatic passport.

In addition to the Malibu home, Teodorin also paid $6.5 million in 2001 for a house in the Bel Air section of Los Angeles, but never moved in. The house was on Antelo Road, across the street from the residence of the actress Farrah Fawcett.

He tried to buy luxury apartment on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan but was barred by the homeowner’s association.

Senate investigators found he spent $59,850 for rugs, $58,000 for a home theater, and $1,734.17 for a pair of wine glasses.

At one point he owned 32 motorcycles and automobiles in California, including “seven Ferraris, five Bentleys, four Rolls Royces, two Lamborghinis, two Maybachs, two Mercedes, two Porsches, one Aston-Martin, and one Bugatti, with a collective insured value of $9.5 million.” Since there were “far too many cars to keep at the estate,” he rented garage space at the Petersen Automotive Museum on Wilshire Boulevard. As of 2012, according to Time Magazine, his fleet of cars included a half-million-dollar 2011 Ferrari.

Teodorin also owns an expensive collection of Michael Jackson memorabilia. At one point he went on “a $3.2 million spree on Jackson items. He paid $275,000 for one of the singer’s white crystal-covered gloves and $80,000 on a pair of his crystal-covered socks. He also spent $245,000 on a basketball signed by Jackson and the basketball player Michael Jordan.” One report identifies the “white, crystal-encrusted glove” as having been worn on Jackson’s “Bad” tour. Teodorin also owned the red leather jacket Jackson wore in his “Thriller” video.

In 2005, Teodorin tried unsuccessfully to have a U.S. oil firm, Ocean Energy, buy him a $40 million Gulfstream jet. The next year he spent $30 million up front for a Gulfstream G-V private jet. He bought the jet through a British Virgin Islands-registered shell company called Ebony Shine International, Ltd. Once he sent it from Rio to Los Angeles to fetch his barber. “In one six-week period in 2006,” reported the New York Times in 2009, Teodorin had “transferred $33,799,799.99 to the United States…which was used to buy” the jet. As of October 2012 his private jet was “believed to be in Equatorial Guinea but US officials said they would try to seize it if it ever lands in another country.”

In a single month he spent “$80,000 at Gucci and $50,000 at Dolce & Gabbana” for designer clothing. Dolce & Gabbana would periodically send a sales associate and tailor to his estate with racks of merchandise for him to browse and “would close off its second-floor showroom when his girlfriends came in to shop.” One girlfriend “racked up about $80,000 in purchases, including bronze and red dresses that cost nearly $7,000 apiece.”

In June 2005 he bought two 50-foot speedboats worth $2 million and shipped one to Hawaii so he could use it there. In 2008 “he commissioned a German company…to design a ‘mega yacht’ worth $380 million, nearly three times what Equatorial Guinea spends on health and education in a year. After the plan became public, Equatorial Guinea announced he would not be buying it.”

In late 2010, Teodorin shipped his collection of sports cars and $400,000 worth of motorcycles, from Los Angeles to France.

For a time, he lived at a Paris hotel off the Champs-Élysées; one day in Paris he bought over 30 suits. As of 2012, he owned “a five-story mansion on Paris’ swank Avenue Foch,” where he had “kept 11 luxury cars, including a Maserati and an Aston Martin, until French police seized them” in late 2011 or early 2012. His neighbors on Avenue Foch described “how a parade of tailors from France’s top fashion houses regularly arrived at the house while Teodorin was there.”

In 2004, he purchased two homes in Cape Town worth a total of $7 million and also spent about $1.45 million on three cars. George Ehlers, owner of a South African construction firm who said the government of Equatorial Guinea owed him nearly $7.8 million, tried to recoup the debt by gaining ownership of the two mansions as collateral. In 2006, he secured an attachment order from the Cape Town High Court. In a court affidavit, however, Teodorin claimed that the houses belonged to him and not to his government, and explained that he could afford them because “Cabinet Ministers and public servants in Equatorial Guinea are by law allowed to owe [sic] companies that, in consortium with a foreign company, can bid for government contracts and should the company be successful, then what percentage of the total cost of the contract the company gets, will depend on the terms negotiated between the parties.”

The French engineering firm Bouygues built Teodorin a free mansion in Malabo, the capital of Equatorial Guinea. He also ordered foreign firms to install zinc-tile roofs on thousands of poor Equatorialguinean homes at a time when he had a “substantial financial interest” in the zinc-roofing industry.

Reportedly, Teodorin also purchased a home in Buenos Aires.

Obiang’s three other wives also have government positions. Maria Verminia Buckanan García is technical adviser to the ministry of education. Shaw has a position in technical administration, and Elema is in the agricultural ministry.

Other members of the family who hold high government positions are Obiang’s brother Antonio Mba Nguema, who became defense minister in April 2015, and his nephew Baltasar Engonga, who is head of regional integration.

Equatorial Guinea is considered wealthy by African standards, with a GDP that routinely outperforms neighboring African nations, in most instances by over 300 percent, and that has grown steadily in recent years. Indeed, its per capital GDP now exceeds those of Italy, Israel, and South Korea. But thanks to the massive diversion of funds from the national treasury into the Nguema/Mongomo group’s bank accounts, the people of Equatorial Guinea live in desperate poverty, with over 60% earning less than $1 a day. Life expectancy is below 50, 57% of the people lack clean drinking water, 47% lack safe plumbing, and the level of medical care is primitive. The country has the world’s fourth-highest infant mortality rate. Many of these kinds of indicators have gone from bad to worse in recent years. A 2009 UNDP report found that the difference between Equatorial Guinea’s per capita GDP rank and its HDI (Human Development Index) rank was the world’s highest, implying that Equatorial Guinea is the worst governed country on the planet.

According to Transparency International, the control of corruption in Equatorial Guinea is among the lowest 1% in the world, with citizens of the country believing that many public authorities perform for personal gain. The rule of law of the country was ranked in the lowest 9% among nations by Transparency International as well.

There is no human-rights organization or anti-corruption group in Equatorial Guinea. The human-rights group EG Justice, which focuses on such issues in the country, is based abroad. Its executive director, Tutu Alicante, has lived in U.S. exile since age 19 and describes his country has having two realities. “It has the highest GDP per capita but also the widest gap between rich and poor people.” Despite being “on paper the richest country on the continent on a per capita basis, on a par with many European nations,” he told The Guardian in 2014, Equatorial Guinea has “one of the highest income and standard of living disparities….The income per capita is one which should allow people to have the same access to healthcare etc. as most European nations. Then you look at the rates of access to water, access to adequate healthcare, access to education, infant mortality, maternal mortality, and you see that we are basically where the DRC is, where Haiti is. The gap between the income and the access to basic needs and rights is astronomical.” The reason for the absence of human-rights or anti-corruption groups, he has explained, is that the country is small, and any institution, such as a church, “that the government perceives as sufficiently powerful is immediately co-opted” or “completely undermined.” Also, there are no labor unions, and any meeting of over five people requires a government permit.

When the African Football Confederation (CAF) awarded Equatorial Guinea the rights to host the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations tournament (AFCON), Alicante protested. “At a moment when Equatorial Guinea desperately needs to move from dictatorship to democracy and at a moment when we in Equatorial Guinea and beyond should be concerned with political and economic reforms that would transform the riches of our nations into sustainable economic development for all, it is unfortunate to see the CAF and other institutions acting in complicity with the government of Equatorial Guinea to entrench corruption and bad governance,” he said.

Although U.S. law prohibits foreign official found to be involved in corruption and their families from receiving visas, U.S. State Department officials told the New York Times in 2009 that Equatorial Guinea’s close relationship with the American oil industry led to lax enforcement of the law in Teodorin’s case. John Bennett, former U.S. ambassador to Equatorial Guinea, stated that U.S. authorities had “turned a blind eye” to Obiang’s corruption and repression because of its dependence on the country for natural resources.” Speaking in Congress on September 26, 2006, Senator Carl Levin blamed the failure of the U.S. to act thus far against flagrant official corruption in Equatorial Guinea on the U.S. oil industry’s ties to that country’s leaders.

The U.S. Justice Department (DOJ) and Senate Permanent Committee on Investigations started to examine the finances of the Obiang family in 2004. The Senate committee found that Teodorin Obiang had utilized shell corporations to circumvent anti money-laundering laws to funnel more than $100 million into United States financial institutions and that Riggs Bank in Washington, D.C., had opened several accounts for Obiang and helped him sequester his wealth in offshore shell corporations. The bank was eventually fined for these actions and for similar dealings on behalf of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet. The Senate committee concluded, moreover, that Riggs Bank had ignored evidence suggesting they had handled the proceeds of corrupt foreign practices. After the U.S. fined Riggs Bank for its dealings with Obiang, the bank was allowed to keep his account open, although the funds were transferred shortly thereafter to accounts in Banco Santander and other institutions in the name of Kalumga Company.

In three civil cases, the first of which was filed in 2011, the U.S. Justice Department accused Teodorin, whose official annual salary is about $100,000, of buying a long list of expensive items with money stolen from Equatorial Guinea. A former employee of Teodorin’s told investigators that Teodorin had a habit of travelling with Louis Vuitton rolling suitcases stuffed with sometimes $1 million in cash. In an October 2014 settlement, filed in a Los Angeles district court, Teodorin gave the U.S. government less than half of what it wanted, including his Malibu mansion, a Ferrari, and “six life-size Michael Jackson statues.” In exchange, he was permitted to keep his jet, a boat, and the rest of his collection of Michael Jackson memorabilia. The agency agreed not to look into Teodorin’s “alleged removal of Michael Jackson memorabilia from the U.S. during the civil case.”

Officials said the agreement with Teodorin showed that the justice department’s Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Initiative, under the auspices of which the probe into Teodorin had taken place, had become a key deterrent to foreign kleptocrats. “These cases do send a strong message that if you bring your assets into our country, if you buy real estate here, we will find them. We will take them,” said U.S. Assistant Attorney General Leslie Caldwell, then head of the justice department’s criminal division. The 2014 settlement did not affect Teodorin’s ability to enter the U.S., which he continued to enjoy because of his diplomatic immunity.

The DOJ investigation of the Obiang family also involved work by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and by Homeland Security Investigation’s (HSI) Foreign Corruption Investigations Group (FCIG) and HSI Asset Identification and Removal Group in Miami. The probes involved work in Rome, Madrid, London, and Paris. The Teodorin action was the first ever initiated by the DOJ against a sitting official of a foreign government.

In 2007, French police uncovered assets in the tens of millions belonging to the Obiang family, including several luxury cars owned by Teodorin worth a combined $6.3 million. In 2010, a French judge ruled that a related corruption case brought by human rights groups against the Obiangs, along with several other ruling African families, could proceed with investigations and hearings. The French government charged Teodorin with money-laundering and seized his massive, multi-million dollar Paris mansion and his fleet of luxury cars.

On July 13, 2012, French authorities issued an arrest warrant for Teodorin, for failing to appear at a French money-laundering investigation to answer questions about his spending millions of dollars despite supposedly earning only a modest government salary. In September 2012, Equatorial Guinea sued France in the International Criminal Court after French police raided a Paris mansion owned by Teodorin and found luxury goods worth millions of Euros. The complaint called on the ICC to prohibit France from interfering in its internal affairs and to order France to stop legal action against its representatives.

In 2008, the Pro Human Rights Association of Spain filed a criminal complaint in that country against the government of Equatorial Guinea for money laundering, citing over $26 million in transfers of funds from Riggs Bank to Banco Santander in Madrid between 2000 and 2003. The complaint listed eleven people, including Obiang, his son Gabriel Nguema Lima, his daughter-in-law Virginia Esther Maye, his brother-in-law Teodoro Biyogo, Elena Mensa, Minister of Foreign Affairs Pastor Mincha, Mincha’s wife, Magdalena Ayang, and former Minister of Mines Anastasio Ela. As of 2011, a Spanish court was investigating these charges of money laundering as well as the charge that the money had been used to buy luxury homes and chalets primarily in Madrid and the Canary Islands.

Italian officials also stated that an Italian businessman who was in business with Teodorin Obiang had died in a plane crash in Equatorial Guinea that had suspicious circumstances.

To counteract reporting about corruption in Equatorial Guinea, Obiang retains U.S. lobbyists and PR experts, notably Lanny Davis, former counsel to U.S. President Bill Clinton. As of 2011, Davis was earning $1 million a year from Obiang.

Waiting for Tonight

Waiting for Tonight” is a song written by Maria Christensen, Michael Garvin, and Phil Temple. It was originally written and recorded for American girl group 3rd Party’s debut studio album, Alive (1997). Two years after the group disbanded, American singer Jennifer Lopez recorded her own version of the song for her debut studio album, On the 6 (1999). Ric Wake and Richie Jones provided production for Lopez’s dance-pop version of “Waiting for Tonight” baby football socks, which differs from the German-sounding Europop version that was recorded by 3rd Party. A Spanish version of the song, entitled “Una Noche Más”, was adapted by Manny Benito and also recorded for the album. “Waiting for Tonight” was released on November 1, 1999, by the Work Group, as the third single from On the 6.

“Waiting for Tonight” is considered by various publications, such as Entertainment Weekly and the Chicago Tribune, to be the best song of Lopez’s career. Contemporary music critics have also credited the song with making her a leading artist in the dance-pop movement. It was used frequently as a celebratory anthem in anticipation for the dawn of the new millennium. The single was a commercial success, reaching the top ten in Australia, Finland, France, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. “Waiting for Tonight” became Lopez’s first song to top the US Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs chart. The song earned her a nomination for Best Dance Recording at the 42nd Annual Grammy Awards in 2000.

The accompanying music video for “Waiting for Tonight” was directed by Francis Lawrence and depicts a Y2K dance party. The video was widely popular, receiving heavy rotation on MTV, and its emphasis on Lopez’s body led to increased media attention surrounding the entertainer. It was nominated for numerous awards, including two at the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards, where it received the MTV Video Music Award for Best Dance Video. The video has influenced subsequent music videos by Adam Lambert, Rihanna, Britney Spears, Beyoncé, FKA twigs, and Selena Gomez. Lopez has performed “Waiting for Tonight” on various television programs, such as Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve, at various award ceremonies, such as the 11th Billboard Music Awards, and in two of her concert tours, with the most recent being the Dance Again World Tour.

The song was originally written and recorded for 3rd Party’s debut studio album, Alive (1997). Lopez recorded her own version of “Waiting for Tonight” three years after the group’s break-up for her debut studio album, On the 6 (1999). The song was first presented to Lopez and her producer Cory Rooney by Ric Wake. Lopez “hated the song” in its early demo format saying “I never want to hear that song again. It’s horrible and so cheesy”, while Rooney believed it had potential. Rooney said: “I begged [Ric] and said, ‘Look, please we need to go back on this song. We need to work on this song and really produce it out.'” Wake informed Rooney that it would cost too much to rework the song, and Rooney subsequently paid $50,000, stating: “That’s how much I believe the record is gonna be a hit for her.” Upon hearing the new version, Lopez loved it, and wanted to record it right away.

“Waiting for Tonight” was written by Maria Christiansen, Michael Garvin, and Phil Temple. Ric Wake provided the production for Lopez’s version, which according to Garvin, differs from the “very German-sounding” Europop version that was recorded by 3rd Party. Additional production was provided by Richie Jones, who arranged the song alongside Wake. Additional programming and arranging was provided by Jones and “Young” Dave Scheuer. Background vocals were performed by Christensen, Jane Barrett, and Margaret Dorn. Eric Kupper played the keyboards, while Jones played the drums and percussion. Scheuer, Franklyn Grant, and Thomas R. Yezzi provided engineering for the song, with assistance from Juan Bohorquez and Robb Williams, while the production was coordinated by David Barrett. The song was recorded at various recording locations in New York City, including Cove City Sound Studios, The Dream Factory, Hit Factory, and Sony Music Studios. The song was later mixed by Dan Hetzel at Cove City Sound Studios.

“Waiting for Tonight” is an uptempo dance-pop song with a length of four minutes and six seconds (4:06). According to the digital music sheet published at Musicnotes.com, the song is written in the key of B♭ minor. It follows a chord progression B♭m–A♭6–Fm7–G♭maj7. The instrumentation of “Waiting for Tonight” consists of a piano and guitar. The song has a tempo of 125 beats per minute. The song has a slightly salsa-influenced opening, with PopCrush describing its percussion as “tropical” and Latin waist bag for running. Aaron Beierle of DVD Talk commented that “Waiting for Tonight” hits a “rich groove.” BET called the song a “club banger”. “Waiting for Tonight” has sensual lyrics, with Lopez comparing her sex life to a movie scene.

“Waiting for Tonight” is considered by various sources to be the best song of Lopez’s career, including Entertainment Weekly, the Chicago Tribune, Slant Magazine, and Idolator, among others. MTV described the song as “classic Lopez”. “Waiting for Tonight” was used frequently as a celebratory anthem, used in anticipation for the dawn of the new millennium. People magazine stated that it became the “turn-of-the-millennium” club anthem. Lauren Zupkus of The Huffington Post praised it as an “epic dance hit”, which was the “perfect anthem for all of our anxiety about Y2K”. Los Angeles Times writer Gerrick D. Kennedy stated that “we can all admit that “Waiting for Tonight” played at our respective millennium celebrations”, while PopSugar wrote: “No 1999 New Year’s Eve bash was complete without J Lo’s big party song.” Dee Lockett, writing for the Chicago Tribune, stated that songs such as “Waiting for Tonight” made Lopez “arguably the leading artist in the dance-pop movement at the time”. Andrew Barker of Variety magazine called the song her breakout club hit, and wrote that it “seemed to anticipate the rise of Euro-centric dance pop a decade before EDM became a buzz term”.

VH1’s Stacy Lambe ranked “Waiting for Tonight” as Lopez’s best single, speaking favorably of her “focused” vocals and writing that the track “quickly became a staple for the singer. Infused with the anticipation of the millennium, “Waiting for Tonight” became an anthem for the end of an era. It simultaneously built up the excitement for the New Year while kissing off the fears and drama of the past. It was 1999 after all, and anything could happen.” WatchMojo.com ranked it atop their list of “Top 10 Jennifer Lopez Songs”, writing: “While many were contemplating a Y2K disaster, Lopez transformed fear to excitement with this Billboard hit and ushered in a new musical era.”

Rolling Stone described it as “music worth getting lost in”. David Browne of Entertainment Weekly, in a review of On the 6, gave a positive review of the song, stating that “[from On the 6] At least one track, the club-hopping ‘Waiting for Tonight,’ is worthy of a dance-floor diva, and the inevitable remix should sound even better”. Matthew Turner of Crosswalk.com called “Waiting for Tonight” an “infectious tune.” Richard Harrington from The Washington Post was unfavorable of the song, calling it a “generic” dance track. Deseret News described Lopez’s vocals as “sultry” but thin, whilst noting that she finds a “nice ring” in songs such as “Waiting for Tonight”. Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine agreed, observing that her vocals were best-suited for dance-pop songs such as “Waiting for Tonight”. Allmusic’s Heather Phares praised the Spanish version of the song, “Una Noche Más”, for emphasizing Lopez’s “distinctive heritage”, stating that it elevated the song’s parent album On the 6 from “a star’s vanity project to an individual but accessible work of pop songcraft by a widely talented performer”. “Waiting for Tonight” earned Lopez her first Grammy Award nomination, for Best Dance Recording. Max TV listed “Waiting for Tonight” as one of their “Top 1000 Greatest Songs of All Time”.

British dance music duo Phats & Small’s 2004 song “Maybe Tonight” heavily samples “Waiting for Tonight”. British record producer Joker sampled the song for his single “Midnight”, released in 2014. “Waiting for Tonight” was also sampled by Australian electronic music band Cut Copy, in their song “Hearts on Fire”. MTV’s Nicole James likened the chorus of singer Lady Gaga’s song “Marry the Night” to “Waiting for Tonight”.

“Waiting for Tonight” debuted on the Australian Singles Chart at number 35 on October 31, 1999. In its eleventh week on the chart, it reached a peak of number four. Overall, it spent six weeks in the top ten and was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association for shipments of 70,000 units. In Belgium, the song peaked at number four in Wallonia and fifteen in Flanders. After entering the Official New Zealand Music Chart at number 42 for the week ending October 31, 1999, the song peaked at number five one month later, and was later certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand for shipment of 7,500 units. In Finland, “Waiting for Tonight” charted for three weeks, peaking at number eight. The single also peaked at number nine in Canada, and number ten in France. It was later certified silver in France by the Syndicat National de l’Édition Phonographique, marking shipments of 50,000 units.

For the week ending October 16, 1999, “Waiting for Tonight” entered the US Billboard Hot 100 at number 56 as the “Hot Shot Debut of the Week.” Airplay and sales increased, with the song steadily rising to number 37 in its second week, garnering the “Greatest Gainer in Airplay” title. In its third week, it jumped to number 25 on the Hot 100, while topping the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart. “Waiting for Tonight” entered the top ten of the Hot 100 on the week ending November 27, 1999, reaching number nine. The following week, the song peaked at number eight on the Hot 100. It also peaked at number five on the US Hot 100 Airplay Chart. It is her ninth biggest hit on Billboard charts. In August 2002, the song received a BDS Certified Spin Award for receiving 200,000 radio spins in the United States.

The music video for “Waiting for Tonight” was filmed in Los Angeles over three days from August 2–4, 1999. Part of it was shot at the Los Angeles Arboretum. Lopez took time off from filming The Cell (2000) to complete the music video. It was directed by Francis Lawrence, whose work Lopez had admired. Speaking of the video’s concept, Lopez said: “I wanted it to be fun and have a certain type of energy and he came back with the treatment of the video where it was this millennium party in the jungle. Just the way he described it, it sounded perfect, the kind of thing I really wanted to do so we just went with it.” When casting extras for the music video, Lopez stressed that she wanted those appearing around her to look like “real people”. For “Waiting for Tonight”, she worked with choreographer Tina Landon, who previously hired Lopez as a backup dancer for Janet Jackson in the early stages of her career. Landon also made an appearance in the clip as an extra. During filming, Lopez was burnt on her shoulder by one of the green lasers used. Two versions of the music video were released, the original and one featuring the Hex Hector remix of the song. The creation of “Waiting for Tonight” was documented and aired by MTV in Making the Video. Cheryl Lu-Lien Tan of The Baltimore Sun stated that it revealed the “death-defying dance stunts” which Lopez undertook, “donning stiletto heels and a micro-mini to perform elaborate footwork on a narrow, 6-foot-high Plexiglas platform while cameras caught her from every possible provocative angle”. The music video premiered directly after the Making the Video special on MTV, on August 23, 1999.

The clip begins with an image of the sun setting. Lopez and her female friends are at a house preparing for a New Year’s Eve party. Inter-cut are scenes of Lopez dancing in a jungle, where green lasers are flashing behind her. Later, another scene features Lopez covered with sparking crystals on her face and body. The females later canoe over a river and travel to a Rave party which is being held in a rainforest. Towards the end of the song’s bridge, the music briefly stops, as the party-goers stare up at a large clock and count down to the year 2000. There is a six-second power outage (A reference to the Y2K problem). The power returns, and the party celebrates the new year. This is inter-cut with scenes of Lopez dancing on top of the crowd, as well as frolicking in a Hawaiian river wearing a black bikini. In the Hex Hector remix version, the original video intercuts new scenes of Lopez dancing in a jungle with green lasers flashing behind her with the original footage. The video also incorporates a green laser strobe effect.

The music video was widely popular, receiving heavy rotation on MTV, and establishing Lopez as a “dance princess”. Its emphasis on Lopez’s body, much like her previous music video for “If You Had My Love”, led to increased media attention, with Lopez being recognized for her curvaceous figure and buttocks. The music video was famed for its thematic depiction of a Y2K dance party. Carsianny Osias from the magazine New York observed that the video served as a “fun distraction as the world began to worry about Y2K and the possibility of living in a state of computer-driven chaos”, and also noted that its theme helped “Waiting for Tonight” become an “official party starter for years to come (…) We’ve come a long way since the year 2000, but it’s safe to say that ‘Waiting for Tonight’ isn’t going anywhere.” Author Dominic Pettman observed that the music video captured an “orgasmic anticipation” for the new millennium. Fuse ranked the clip at number 30 on their list of the “Top 100 Sexiest Music Videos of All Time” in 2011. Entertainment Weekly regarded it as the best music video of Lopez’s career.

“Lasers in the jungle and the Y2K vibe of that years New Years Eve celebrations are unforgettable images that helped catapult JLo to international success.”

Yahoo!

The visuals of “Waiting for Tonight” became distinctive, particularly the green lasers appearing in the background, and the crystals Lopez wore on her body. Lopez said in 2014, “[Green lasers] just became so signature to that song and that time. I think that was the first time anyone had used them in a video that way.” Maitri Mehta of Bustle magazine wrote that she was “mesmerized by a vision of a bronze J. Lo gettin’ life from those green lasers. In almost all of her music videos, J. Lo is extremely, overtly sexy but that’s the point.” American Idol alumnus Adam Lambert revealed electric sweater, “I remember when I was a kid graduating high school and ‘Waiting for Tonight’ came out (…) And she had all the rhinestones on her face and she just looked like just dewy and stunning and amazing.” Fashion magazine Styleite wrote that Lopez continues to “inspire innumerable, ill-advised body glitter purchases around the world thanks to the steamy rave of “Waiting For Tonight””. Diane Cho of VH1 noted that Lopez “trademarked” the glitter-look in “Waiting for Tonight”, which was adapted by Britney Spears in “Toxic” and Beyoncé in “1+1”.

Monica Herrera of Billboard stated that Adam Lambert’s music video for the song “If I Had You” took the “late-night wilderness party motif of Jennifer Lopez’s classic “Waiting for Tonight” clip” and added “more lasers, guyliner, thrashy dance moves, silver top hats and outrageously spiky shoulder pads”. MTV’s Nicole James compared Rihanna’s “Where Have You Been” music video to “Waiting for Tonight”. Tiffany Lee of Yahoo! stated that Selena Gomez was “channeling” an early Lopez in her song “Slow Down”, drawing comparisons between both songs and videos, observing that “the premise for both music videos are almost identical”, with “dancing in front of flashing lights and sweating in dance floor crowds”. Pitchfork Media’s Lindsay Zoladz stated that English singer FKA twigs’ music video for the song “Papi Pacify” features “perhaps the most dazzling use of body glitter in a music video since J. Lo’s ‘Waiting for Tonight'”. Slant Magazine’s Ed Gonzalez likened the plot of the film The Matrix Reloaded (2003) to the music video. Hunter Schwarz of the website BuzzFeed humorously compared the music video to a 2013 Egyptian protest, where thousands of demonstrators flashed green lasers.

The music video received several award nominations, including four wins meat tenderizer brands. At the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards, “Waiting for Tonight” was nominated in the Best Choreography and Best Dance Video categories, winning for Best Dance Video. It also won for Best Pop Video Clip at the Billboard Music Awards, and Best Dance Video at the International Dance Music Awards. At the Billboard Music Video Awards, “Waiting for Tonight” received two nominations for Best Video and Best New-Artist Video. It received multiple MVPA Award nominations, including for Pop Video of the Year, and won for Best Hair.

Lopez performed “Waiting for Tonight” for the first time on the British music chart television program Top of the Pops, on the episode that aired November 12, 1999 on BBC. Weeks later, she performed the song at the 11th Billboard Music Awards on December 8, 1999, where she opened the show. Billboard praised the performance as a “galvanizing” opening to the ceremony. She also sang the song along with “Feelin’ So Good” during an appearance at Saturday Night Live on May 2, 2000. She also sang the song at her set of Let’s Get Loud Concerts in Puerto Rico; a performance in which she got down on “all fours” while singing. The performance was televised on NBC on November 20, 2001. On September 6, 2007, she performed a remixed version of the song at Fashion Rocks, a charity fundraiser event, along with the single “Do It Well”, with Newsday writer Glenn Gamboa stating that the performance “seemed built for the runway with all the wind machines and strutting models”. The event aired on CBS, the following day. Lopez included “Waiting for Tonight” on her set list during her 2007 co-headlining concert tour with then-husband Marc Anthony. This was her first tour. In 2009, Lopez performed it at Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve in a “revealing” catsuit. The catsuit provoked a mixed reaction from the public; The host of the show Ryan Seacrest praised the outfit, saying that it “made my year”—while others weren’t so admirable. Alicia Lundgren, a 24-year-old dancer from Philadelphia, told the New York Daily News: “There’s too many wrinkles. It looks like elephant skin.” Months later in February 2010, Lopez performed “Waiting for Tonight” as part of a medley of her hits at the Sanremo Music Festival, wearing a “skintight, studded leather black catsuit”. At the Summertime Ball festival hosted by Capital Radio at Wembley Stadium on June 12, 2011, Lopez opened her headlining performance with “Waiting for Tonight”, in front of an audience of 75,000 people.

Lopez wore a glittery bodysuit for her performance of the song at Mohegan Sun’s 15th anniversary celebration concert; green lasers swept across the arena ceiling as her dancers “whirled” around her. It was included on the setlist for her Dance Again World Tour in 2012. She performed the song while dancing on a white moving platform. During her European leg at her concert in Italy, Lopez supposedly had a wardrobe malfunction according to various sources during her performance of “Waiting for Tonight”. She was wearing a “plunging skintight cat suit”. Lopez performed the track along with several other hits during a July 2013 concert in Hyde Park, London. In March 2014, she sang “Waiting for Tonight” during her concert at the Dubai World Cup. In June of that year, Lopez performed the song during a concert in The Bronx which marked fifteen years since the release of On the 6; Andrew Hampp from Billboard wrote that the “laser-drenched” performance reached “World Cup levels of euphoria for a large swath of fans”. Three months later, performed the song again at the 2014 Singapore Grand Prix, as part of a 90-minute set. She was clothed in a “sexy tasselled black bodice with a nude-coloured underlay”. At her “The Best Is Yet To Come” concert which took place on New Year’s Eve 2014 in Caesars Palace, Lopez included “Waiting for Tonight” on her setlist; during the performance, she wore a red-sequined costume and performed a striptease on a couch. Lopez opened her performance at the American Music Awards of 2015 (where she also hosted the ceremony) with a “slower, sultrier” rendition of “Waiting for Tonight”. She was clothed in a tribal-print body stocking.

During Lopez’s guest appearance on the sixth season of the NBC sitcom Will & Grace, she performed “Waiting for Tonight”. The episode aired on April 29, 2004 as the season’s finale.

Credits adapted from the liner notes of On the 6.

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone