Valmont Abbey (Abbaye de Valmontflat meat pounder, Sainte-Marie de Valmont or abbaye Sainte-Marie) is a Benedictine abbey in Valmont, Seine-Maritime, France. Its chapel and surviving ruins of other parts of the abbey were classed as historical monuments in 1951 and the facades and roofs of all the abbey buildings were made historic monuments in 1965.
The Abbey was founded in 1169 by Nicolas d’Estouteville with Benedictines detached from Hambye Abbey. It never had more than 25 monks and was destroyed and rebuilt several times with the abbey church only truly completed in the 16th century – Countess Marie II of Saint-Pol is buried in it.
The abbey buildings were built from 1678 to 1782 under Louis de La Fayette (1634–1729), commendatory abbot, who tried to introduce the Saint Maur reforms to the abbey in 1680. It was finally reformed in 1754 by the Maurists and was rebuilt during the second half of the 18th century, until the French Revolution when it was dissolved – its monks were dispersed in 1789 and its buildings sold off to private owners in 1791.
In the 19th century the painter Eugène Delacroix often holidayed at his family estate at Valmont and the abbey ruins inspired his drawing Ruines de l’abbaye de Valmonteco stainless steel water bottle, now in The Louvre. The abbey became a monastic site again in 1994, re-founded by Benedictines from Notre-Dame-du-Pré at Lisieux and re-dedicated in 2004.
The axial chapel of the abbey (from the 16th century) dedicated to the Virgin is the only surviving part of the main church as the nave collapsed in 1730. It is the artistic marvel of the site entirely in Renaissance style. The most well-known is the Chapel of Six O’clock which refers to the time when the monks heard the first office of the day. There are tombs and recumbent tombstones (from the 15th and 16th centuries) of the Lords of Estouteville and their wives remington bikini shaver. The vault is harmonious and well-designed: the very prominent ribs abut against a circular keystone recessed in the dome. Stained glass dating to 1552 depicts the life of the Virgin and, above the altar, an Annunciation attributed to Germain Pilon remington shaver foils.
Of the abbey itself, there remains only the ruins of the choir built in 1520. Consisting of four straight rows, it ends in a five-sided rounded end leading to an Ambulatory which opens in to the Chapel of Six O’clock. Large semicircular arches rest on cylindrical columns and are surmounted by a gallery of ionic columns forming the triforium. The whole is in very pure Renaissance style. This elegant architectural layout was designed by Jehan Ribaud, former abbot of Bec Abbey, who headed Valmont in 1517. It restored the abbey to the fashionable style and may have been used at the Abbey by Italian workers who worked at the time at the Chateau of Gaillon and Fécamp Abbey.
The Departmental Museum of Antiquities at Rouen conserves the 16th century stained glass from the Abbey.
Wattstax est un documentaire musical américain de Mel Stuart sorti le 4 février 1973, distribué aux États-Unis par Columbia Pictures et en France par Mission Distribution lors de sa réédition cinéma en 2004.
Wattstax est un documentaire retranscrivant le concert donné le au Los Angeles Coliseum, organisé par Memphis’ Stax Records, pendant lequel les habitants du quartier déshérité de Watts, Los Angeles, commémorèrent le 7e anniversaire des émeutes noires de 1965 dont ils furent les principaux protagonistes et témoins. À l’occasion de ce concert événement qui dura plus de six heures, souvent désigné comme le Woodstock noir, de nombreuses stars de la musique afro-américaine de l’époque défilèrent sur scène wholesale glass bottles, du chanteur de rhythm and blues Rufus Thomas au compositeur-producteur soul Isaac Hayes, en passant par le bluesman Little Milton, le groupe funk The Bar-Kays ou encore le groupe de gospel The Staple Singers.. youth soccer uniforms wholesale.
Parallèlement aux passages musicaux, ce documentaire s’intéresse aussi à la vie de la communauté afro-américaine du quartier de Watts au début des années 1970, à travers différents témoignages d’habitants et de quelques personnalités comme le comique Richard Pryor ou le cinéaste Melvin Van Peebles. On peut également noter la présence de Ted Lange (Isaac Washington dans La croisière s’amuse) qui fait sa première apparition à l’écran.
Filipino reggae is reggae music created in the Philippines. The country has several bands and sound systems that play reggae and dancehall music in a style faithful to its expression in Jamaica. Reggae in the Philippines comprises the many forms of reggae and its subgenres, and at times combining traditional Filipino forms of music and instruments in their music.
The provinces of Aklan (mainly Boracay Island), Quezon, Pampanga and Pangasinan, Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental, Palawan, Surigao del Norte (mainly Siargao Island) and Marinduque, and the cities of Manila, Cebu and Davao are some of the places that reggae has found a base, with many artists residing in these cities and performing at local bars and clubs. The Visayas section of the Philippines has had the largest concentration of reggae groups, with Cebu City of Central Visayas even being dubbed The Reggae Capital of the Philippines. In Early 2007 Ziggy Marley performed in the MTV Philippines Reggae Fest by the Bay festival in Manila. Marley played with local reggae talents and the big names in Filipino reggae.
Jamaican Reggae was introduced to the Philippines in the late 1960s, however the first recognized Filipino reggae bands didn’t appear until the late 1970s. Cocojam is known as one of the first Filipino reggae bands. Ska also found its place in the Philippines, with many bands forming, especially in the Visayas island group. Cities like Dumaguete and Cebu became the hub of Filipino ska. Dub music also found its place within the islands, with bands like Junior Kilat popularising the genre with songs like “Sigbin”. Local folklore, tales and traditions were a noticeable influence on songs. The subgenre called dancehall has been popularized in Cebu by Coolie dread and The Microphone Commanders. Bands like Badjao Roots and Tropical Depression displayed cultural awareness by using traditional instruments in their songs. With the commercial success of groups like Brownman Revival, Tropical Depression good reusable water bottles, and Hemp Republic, the Filipino reggae scene has seen more popularity, to the point that more reggae festivals are being introduced and expanded around the country.
There are a number of Radio stations in the Philippines which play reggae music, although few are dedicated solely to the genre remington shaver foils. Below is a list of prominent Reggae radio stations in the Philippines.