Schneider Trophy

The Coupe d’Aviation Maritime Jacques Schneider, commonly called the Schneider Trophy or Schneider Prize (sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Schneider Cup, a different prize), was a trophy awarded annually (and later, biannually) to the winner of a race for seaplanes and flying boats. The Schneider Trophy is now held at the Science Museum, South Kensington, London.
Announced in 1912 by Jacques Schneider, a French financier, balloonist and aircraft enthusiast, the competition offered a prize of approximately £1,000. The race was held twelve times between 1913 and 1931. It was intended to encourage technical advances in civil aviation but became a contest for pure speed with laps over a (usually) triangular course (initially 280 km, later 350 km). The contests were staged as time trials, with aircraft setting off individually at pre-agreed times, usually 15 minutes apart. The contests were very popular and some attracted crowds of over 200,000 spectators. An earlier trophy, also presented by Jacques Schneider in 1910, in France, was the Schneider Cup, which is now in the possession of the RAF College Cranwell.
If an aero club won three races in five years, they would retain the trophy and the winning pilot would receive 75,000 francs for each of the first three wins. Each race was hosted by the previous winning country. The races were supervised by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale and the aero club in the hosting country. Each club could enter up to three competitors with an equal number of alternatives.
The race was significant in advancing aeroplane design, particularly in the fields of aerodynamics and engine design, and would show its results in the best fighters of World War II. The streamlined shape and the low drag, liquid-cooled engine pioneered by Schneider Trophy designs are obvious in the British Supermarine Spitfire, the American North American P-51 Mustang, and the Italian Macchi C.202 Folgore.
The Schneider Trophy is a sculpture of silver & bronze set on a marble base. It depicts a zephyr skimming the waves, and a nude winged figure is seen kissing a zephyr recumbent on a breaking wave. The heads of two other zephyrs and of Neptune, the god of the Sea, can be seen surrounded by octopus and crabs. The symbolism represents speed conquering the elements of sea and air.

The first competition was held on 16 April 1913, at Monaco. It was won by a French Deperdussin at an average speed of 73.56 km/h (45.71 mph). The British won in 1914 with a Sopwith Tabloid at 139.74 km/h (86.83 mph). After World War I, the competition resumed in 1919 at Bournemouth where in foggy conditions the Italian team won. They were later disqualified and the race was voided.
In 1920 and 1921 at Venice the Italians won — in 1920 no other nation entered and in 1921 the French entry did not start. After 1921, an additional requirement was added: the winning seaplane had to remain moored to a buoy for six hours without human intervention.
In 1922 in Naples the British and French competed with the Italians. The British private entry, a Supermarine Sea Lion II, was the victor. The French aircraft did not start the race, which became a competition between the Sea Lion and three Italian aircraft, including a Macchi M.7 and a Savoia.
The 1923 trophy, contested at Cowes, went to the Americans with a sleek, liquid-cooled engined craft designed by Glenn Curtiss. It used the Curtiss D-12 engine. US Navy Lieutenant David Rittenhouse won the cup.
In 1924 there was no competition as no other nation turned out to face the Americans — the Italians and the French withdrew and both British craft crashed in pre-race trials.
In 1925 at Chesapeake Bay the Americans won again, the US pilot Jimmy Doolittle winning in a Curtiss R3C ahead of the British Gloster III and the Italian entry. Two British planes did not compete (R. J. Mitchell’s Supermarine S.4 and the other Gloster III were damaged before the race). Two of the American planes did not finish.
In 1926, the Italians returned with a Macchi M.39 and won against the Americans with a 396.69 km/h (246.49 mph) run at Hampton Roads.
In 1927 at Venice there was a strong British entry with government backing and RAF pilots (the High Speed Flight) for Supermarine, Gloster and Shorts. Supermarine’s Mitchell-designed S.5s took first and second places. 1927 was the last annual competition, the event then moving onto a biannual schedule to allow for more development time.
In 1929, at Calshot, Supermarine won again in the Supermarine S.6 with the new Rolls-Royce R engine with an average speed of 528.89 km/h (328.64 mph). Both Britain and Italy entered two new aircraft and a backup plane from the previous race.
In 1931 the British government withdrew support, but a private donation of £100,000 from Lucy, Lady Houston, allowed Supermarine to compete and win on 13 September against only British opposition, with reportedly half a million spectators lining the beachfronts. The Italian, French, and German entrants failed to ready their aircraft in time for the competition. The remaining British team set both a new world speed record (610 km/h (380 mph)) and won the trophy outright with a third straight win. The following days saw the winning Supermarine S.6B further break the world speed record twice, making it the first craft to break the 400 mph barrier on 29 September at an average speed of 655.8 km/h (407.5 mph).
Development of the other entrants did not cease there. The proposed Italian entrant (the Macchi M.C.72) which pulled out of the contest due to engine problems later went on to set two new world speed records. In April 1933 (over Lake Garda, in northern Italy) it set a record with a speed of 682.36 km/h (424.00 mph). Eighteen months later in the same venue, it broke the 700 km/h barrier with an average speed of 709.202 km/h (440.678 mph). Both times the plane was piloted by Francesco Agello. This speed remains the fastest speed ever attained by a piston-engined seaplane.
The trophy itself has been entrusted to the Royal Aero Club and can be viewed along with the winning Supermarine S.6B floatplane at the London Science Museum Flight exhibition hall. Supermarine S.6, N248, which competed in the 1929 contest but was disqualified, is preserved at Solent Sky maritime museum in Southampton.
In 1981 the race was revived, in name if not in concept, by the Royal Aero Club of Great Britain to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Britain’s ultimate retention of the Trophy. The original Trophy remained in the Science Museum, and a full-size replica was cast and the race opened on a handicapped basis to any propeller–driven landplane capable of maintaining 100 miles per hour in straight and level flight, and weighing up to 12,500 lb. Pilots also had to have a minimum of 100 hours as pilot-in-command, and a valid air racing licence.
Following that event, the UK subsidiary of US computer company Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) independently decided to sponsor a long-term revival of the Schneider Trophy, with the first race held in 1984. The idea was submitted by DEC’s then UK PR consultancy Infopress as part of a broader commercial sponsorship programme designed to increase DEC’s presence in the UK market at that time. DEC sponsored this revived race series from 1984 until 1991, which also marked the diamond jubilee of the final race in the original series. DEC and Infopress turned to the expertise of the Royal Aero Club’s Records, Racing & Rally Association which again administered and ran the actual races. The 1981 Solent course, itself a close approximation of the original 1929 and 1931 Schneider Trophy courses over the Solent, was also used and adapted from year to year.
This sponsorship had a profound effect on the awareness and popularity of handicapped air racing in the UK and further afield, as well as markedly increasing DEC’s commercial profile in the UK. The appeal of the race, its historic connections, and the fact that prize money was now on offer, meant that the entry list for the race was large enough to warrant the introduction of heats from 1985 onwards. (The 1984 race field was 62 entrants, believed at the time to be the largest-ever in all forms of air racing.)
The event received further boosts in 1986, when it was started by HRH Prince Andrew and his then fiancée Sarah Ferguson; in 1987, when the event was featured as one episode in a BBC television documentary series; and in 1988, when it was a central part of that year’s ITV Telethon Appeal.
DEC invited customers and partners to each year’s event as guests, and the general public watched in increasing numbers as the series grew in size and popularity.
For the pilots taking part, the event became, along with the King’s Cup Race, the highlight of the UK’s air racing season, and regularly attracted entrants from continental Europe.
DEC continued to sponsor the races through 1991. Since that time, the race has been run by the Royal Aero Club Records Racing and Rally Association along with the King’s Cup and the British air racing championship. The venue has varied but is still flown on most occasions around a Solent-based course, usually around September of each year.

Lawrence Rabiner

Lawrence R. Rabiner (born 28 September 1943 in Brooklyn, New York) is an electrical engineer working in the fields of digital signal processing and speech processing; in particular in digital signal processing for automatic speech recognition. He has worked on systems for AT&T Corporation for speech recognition.
He holds a joint academic appointment between Rutgers University and the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Lawrence Rabiner was born in Brooklyn, NY in 1943. During his studies at MIT, he participated in the cooperative program at AT&T Bell Laboratories, during which he worked on digital circuit design and binaural hearing. After obtaining his PhD in 1967, he joined AT&T Bell Laboratories’ research division in Murray Hill, NJ as a Member of Technical Staff. He was promoted to Supervisor in 1972, Department Head in 1985, Director in 1990, and Functional Vice-President in 1995. He joined the newly created AT&T Labs – Research in 1996 as Director of the Speech and Image Processing Services Research Laboratory. He was promoted Vice-President of Research in 1998, succeeding Sandy Fraser, where he managed broad programs in communication, computing, and information sciences. He retired from AT&T in 2002 and joined the department of Electrical Engineering at Rutgers University, with a joint appointment at the University of California in Santa Barbara.
Dr. Rabiner has pioneered a range of novel algorithms for digital filtering and digital spectrum analysis. The most well known of these algorithms are the Chirp z-Transform method (CZT) of spectral analysis, a range of optimal FIR (finite impulse response) digital filter design methods based on linear programming and Chebyshev approximation methods, and a class of decimation/interpolation methods for digital sampling rate conversion. In the area of speech processing, Dr. Rabiner has made contributions to the fields of pitch detection, speech synthesis and speech recognition. Dr. Rabiner built one of the first digital speech synthesizers that was able to convert arbitrary text to intelligible speech. In the area of speech recognition, Dr. Rabiner was a major contributor to the creation of the statistical method of representing speech that is known as hidden Markov modeling (HMM). Dr. Rabiner was the first to publish the scaling algorithm for the Forward-Backward method of training of HMM recognizers. His research showed how to successfully implement an HMM system based on either discrete or continuous density parameter distributions. His tutorial paper on HMM is highly cited. Dr. Rabiner’s research resulted in a series of speech recognition systems that went into deployment by AT&T to enable automation of a range of ‘operator services’ that previously had been carried out using live operators. One such system, called the Voice Recognition Call Processing (VRCP) system, automated a small vocabulary recognition system (5 active words) with word spotting and barge-in capability. It resulted in savings of several hundred millions of dollars annually for AT&T.

Las Rakowiecki

Las Rakowiecki – niewielki kompleks leśny położony we wschodniej części Wrocławia.
Las położony jest pomiędzy osiedlami i rzekami:
Jest to las komunalny, tzn. w zarządzie Urzędu Miejskiego Wrocławia. Powierzchnia lasu wynosi 22,45 ha (22,4 ha). Położony jest na prawym brzegu rzeki Oława, a na lewym brzegu rzeki Odry. Na drzewostan lasu składają się przede wszystkim klon, a jako gatunki domieszkowe występują: brzoza, topola, jesion, w podszyciu nieliczny: dziki bez, głóg, kalina koralowa.
Do lasu można dojść od południa z osiedla Wilczy Kąt, przez Kładkę Siedlecką. Od strony osiedla Rakowiec można dojechać ulicą Rakowiecką, a także dojść ulicą Okólą i Krzywą Groblą. Na północ od kompleksu, wzdłuż granicy lasu, przebiega ulica Międzyrzecka.
W samym lesie, wzdłuż ścieżki prowadzącej od Kładki Siedleckiej do ulicy Międzyrzeckiej i dalej przystani ZHP (Przystań Rancho), można zobaczyć szereg zniszczonych pozostałości po fortyfikacjach i bunkrach niemieckich, głównie resztki stanowisk artylerii przeciwlotniczej z czasów II wojny światowej.

Rómulo Betancourt

Si vous disposez d’ouvrages ou d’articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l’article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (modifier l’article, comment ajouter mes sources ?).
modifier
Rómulo Betancourt, né le 22 février 1908 à Guatire, dans l’État de Miranda et mort le 28 septembre 1981 à New York, est un homme politique vénézuélien, président de son pays de 1945 à 1948 et de 1959 à 1964. Son parcours, bien que tumultueux et controversé, a marqué la politique en Amérique latine et il est souvent décrit comme le « père de la démocratie vénézuélienne ».
Après avoir participé à la création de mouvements étudiants radicaux, il fonde en 1937 le Parti national démocratique qui est renommé Action démocratique en 1941.
Arrivé au pouvoir en octobre 1945, à la suite d’un coup d’État militaro-civil qui renverse le président Isaías Medina Angarita, il commence la réforme de l’industrie pétrolière vénézuélienne. En 1948, il cède le pouvoir au président démocratiquement élu Rómulo Gallegos, mais ce dernier est lui-même déposé quelques mois plus tard par un nouveau coup d’État militaire mené par Marcos Pérez Jiménez et Carlos Delgado Chalbaud.
Poussé alors vers un exil à New York, il voit dans la mise en place de principes démocratiques la condition du succès de son retour en politique. La chute de la dictature de Pérez Jiménez en 1958 lui permet de retourner au Venezuela où il est élu président le 7 décembre 1958.
Investi le 13 février 1959, il contribue en 1960 à la mise en place de la filière nationalisée de l’industrie pétrolière et de l’OPEP. L’année suivante, il promulgue la nouvelle Constitution qui demeurera en vigueur jusqu’en 1999. Il voit son aura internationale renforcée en survivant à la tentative d’assassinat organisée par Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, alors dictateur de la République dominicaine et transmet le pouvoir à son successeur Raúl Leoni, après l’élection démocratique de décembre 1963 qui marque l’histoire de la démocratie vénézuélienne avec une participation de 90 % qui n’a jamais été égalée depuis[réf. nécessaire].

Schlacht bei Guinegate (1479)

Die Schlacht bei Guinegate wurde in einer französischen Ortschaft namens Guinegate in der Picardie ausgetragen, heute heißt sie Enguinegatte im Département Pas-de-Calais. Sie ereignete sich am 17. August 1479. Manche Quellen nennen als Tag des Kampfes den 7. August. Anlass für die Schlacht war der Streit über den Besitz des Burgundischen Erbes Karls des Kühnen zwischen Erzherzog Maximilian I. (der »letzte Ritter«) aus dem Hause Habsburg und König Ludwig XI. von Frankreich.

Zwei Jahre vorher, am 19. August 1477, hatte Maximilian I. Maria von Burgund geheiratet. Maria war die einzige Erbin ihres Vaters, Karl des Kühnen, der in der Schlacht bei Nancy am 5. Januar 1477 den Tod gefunden hatte. Das Herzogtum Burgund war ein französisches Mannslehen. Als Karl der Kühne tot war, betrachtete der französische König Ludwig XI. die Gebiete als ein an ihn zurückgefallenes Lehen und ließ seine Truppen in die burgundischen Städte der Picardie, nach Artois, Flandern, Hennegau und das Herzogtum Burgund einrücken. Erzherzog Maximilian sah demgegenüber diese Ländereien als seinen gemeinsam mit Maria regierten Besitz. Er reagierte auf den französischen Versuch der Landnahme mit dem Sammeln eines Heeres, das aus den burgundischen Niederlanden in die Picardie eindrang. Beim Dorf Guinegate kam es zur Schlacht.
Die Schlacht fand in einer Zeit des militärischen Übergangs statt. Die Schweizer hatten Schlachten mit Karl dem Kühnen bei Murten (1476) und bei Nancy (1477) durch massierten Einsatz von Fußvolk für sich entschieden, das mit Piken kämpfte. Die bislang dominierenden Ritterheere waren gegenüber der Infanterie ins Hintertreffen geraten. Der Erfolg sprach sich herum und motivierte in allen europäischen Staaten zur Nachahmung der eidgenössischen Taktik. Als erste zogen die geschlagenen Burgunder aus dieser Erkenntnis Lehren. Der 20-jährige Erzherzog Maximilian hatte aber weder ausreichend Erfahrung hierzu noch als neuer Landesherr schon genügend Akzeptanz, um mit einer neuen Idee das Heereswesen in seinem Gebiet zu reformieren. In seinen Reihen hatte er jedoch den Grafen von Romont, der aus dem Gebiet des Neuenburger Sees stammte und schweizerische Erfahrungen mitbrachte. Der Graf lehrte die flämischen Fußknechte, sich als Gewalthaufen aufzustellen und dessen Vorgehen im Kampf.
Das französische Heer kämpfte unter dem Befehl von Philippe de Crèvecœur. Die deutschen und burgundischen Einheiten führte Maximilian I. persönlich in die Schlacht. Der junge Erzherzog gesellte sich in die Reihen der Fußknechte. Mit einem Langspieß in der Hand kämpfte er im ersten Glied gegen die herankommenden Ritter. Sein Beispiel mag den Kampfesmut des taktischen Verbandes erhöht haben. Nach vierstündigem Kampf waren die Franzosen geschlagen, sie flohen das Schlachtfeld.
Nach der Schlachte konnte Maximilian ohne weiteren Widerstand einen Großteil des Hennegau mit der Stadt Cambrai wieder in Besitz nehmen. Doch war sein Erfolg nicht von Dauer. Maria von Burgund kam unerwartet durch einen Reitunfall im Jahr 1482 zu Tode. Die daraufhin in den Niederlanden ausbrechenden Konflikte nutzte Ludwig XI. zur Wiederaufnahme des Krieges. Maximilian musste im selben Jahre mit Frankreich den Frieden von Arras schließen. An Frankreich fielen das Herzogtum Burgund, die Freigrafschaft Burgund und das Artois, die Stadt Arras und die 1477 besetzte Picardie. Die Habsburger erhielten Flandern zurück.
Die Schlacht hat staatspolitisch im Vergleich etwa mit den Burgunderkriegen eher Randbedeutung, da es um die Lösung eines regionalen Konfliktes ging. Der französische König hatte bei der Rückforderung von Lehen zu weit ausgegriffen und so Erzherzog Maximilians Gegenwehr ausgelöst. Militärhistorisch ist diesem Waffengang hingegen ein hoher Stellenwert einzuräumen. Auch wenn sie noch nicht als solche bezeichnet wurden, gaben Landsknechte hier ihr Debüt als neues Truppenelement in der Kriegsführung. Ebenso revolutionär war, dass sich Maximilian in die kämpfende Truppe eingereiht hatte. Vielleicht trug diese Erfahrung dazu bei, dass er später Wünschen aus den Reihen der Landsknechte gegenüber ein offenes Ohr hatte.
50.6080555555562.2711111111111Koordinaten: 50° 36′ 29″ N, 2° 16′ 16″ O

Almalyk

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Ouzbékistan
Almalyk (en ouzbek : Olmaliq, en russe : Алмалык) est une ville de la province de Tachkent, en Ouzbékistan. Elle est située à 57 km au sud-est de Tachkent, la capitale. Sa population était estimée à 138 000 habitants en 2004.
Almalyk est une ville-usine développée à l’époque soviétique, dans les années 1930, pour exploiter les réserves locales de cuivre, de plomb, de zinc, d’or, d’argent et de baryte. Elle a le statut de ville depuis 1951. Almalyk compte d’énormes ensembles industriels, qui sont exploités aujourd’hui par la société Almalyk MMC, l’une des plus grandes entreprises minières et métallurgiques d’Ouzbékistan.
Les opérations de fonderie des métaux non ferreux ont sérieusement contaminé Almalyk. L’air contient de fortes concentrations de vapeurs d’acide sulfurique et le sol est imprégné de déchets toxiques. Le gouvernement ouzbek a résisté aux appels à fermer l’usine, faisant valoir que l’économie du pays ne pouvait se permettre une telle perte. Le complexe industriel emploie en effet quelque 25 000 habitants de la ville et représente une part importante de l’économie de la région. Cependant, en janvier 2005, le gouvernement a annoncé des projets de nettoyer la région, avec une date, 2010.

Cobi Crispin

Cobi Crispin (born 22 December 1988) is a 4 point wheelchair basketball forward from Western Australia. She began playing wheelchair basketball in 2003 when she was 17 years old. The Victorian Institute of Sport and Direct Athlete Support (DAS) program have provided assistance to enable her to play. She played club basketball in the Women’s National Wheelchair Basketball League (WNWBL) for the Victorian Dandenong Rangers in 2012 after having previously played for the Western Stars. In 2015 she began playing for the Minecraft Comets. She played for the University of Alabama in the United States in 2013-15.
Crispin made her Australian women’s national wheelchair basketball team debut in 2006, competing in the Joseph F. Lyttle World Basketball Challenge that year, and participated in Paralympic qualification in 2007. She remained on the team and was part of the bronze medal winning Australia women’s national wheelchair basketball team at the 2008 Summer Paralympics. At the 2010 IWBF World Championships in Birmingham England, her team finished fourth. The following year, she was captain of the 2011 Under 25 (U25) Women’s Wheelchair Basketball team at the World Championships and earned a silver medal. Also in 2012, she participated in Paralympic qualifying, and went on to compete at the 2012 Summer Paralympics where her team finished second.

Cobi Crispin was born in Mackay, Queensland, on 22 December 1988, the daughter of Alan and Cathy Crispin. She has three brothers. She was born missing a femur. She moved to Melbourne, Victoria as a result of switching wheelchair basketball club sides to play with the Dandenong Rangers, and now lives in Ashburton, Victoria. Other sports she has had interest in include hockey, swimming and touch football. Her role models are Paralympic wheelchair basketball players Liesl Tesch and Alison Mosely. She was educated at St Patrick’s College, Mackay, and as of 2012[update] attends Deakin University.
Crispin’s wheelchair basketball classification is 4.0 point player, and she plays forward. She has played the sport since 2003, when she was 17 years old. In 2009, she was an Aspire to be a Champion grant recipient. In 2010, she had a scholarship with the Victorian Institute of Sport, which provides “provide assistance with specialist coaching, sport science, sports medicine, physical preparation and education and career development services as well as training & competition expenses”. In 2010/11 and 2011/12, the Australian Sports Commission gave her A$17,000 grants through the Direct Athlete Support (DAS) program, a scheme which provides direct financial support to elite athletes. She received $5,571 in 2009/10 and $10,000 in 2012/13.
Crispin’s first national team appearance was in 2006. She was selected to participate in a national team training camp in 2010, and was member of the Australia women’s national wheelchair basketball team, known as the Gliders, at the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing. The Gliders defeated Japan 53-47 to win the bronze medal.
In October 2011, Crispin was named to the senior national squad that would compete at the Asia/Oceania Championships 2011 in Goyang, South Korea, a qualifying tournament for the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, with the top two teams qualifying. The Gliders lost to Japan twice in the qualifying rounds, but made the finals on percentage, and fought their way back from being seven points down at quarter time to defeat China in the gold medal match, 45-44.
In the first game of the 2012 Paralympics tournament against Brazil, which her team won 52-50, she played 32:34 minutes. She scored 18 points against the Brazil women’s national wheelchair basketball team, and had seven rebounds. In the team’s third game of pool play, where they lost to Canada 50-57, she played 29:43 minutes and scored 12 points. In the team’s fourth game of pool play against the Netherlands women’s national wheelchair basketball team that her team won 58-49, she played 25:09 minutes, and scored ten points. In her team’s quarterfinal 62-37 victory over Mexico women’s national wheelchair basketball team, she played 17:08 minutes, and scored twelve points. Her team met the United States women’s national wheelchair basketball team in the semifinals, where Australia won 40-39 and she played 24:37 minutes, and scored six points. In the gold medal game against the Germany women’s national wheelchair basketball team, she played 29:40 minutes. While her team lost 44-58 and was awarded a silver medal, she scored six points, and had five rebounds.
In 2006, Crispin was named the Northern Challenge Most Valuable Player. Organised by the Sporting Wheelies, this competition beings together teams from across northern Queensland. She was also on the squad that competed at the Joseph F. Lyttle World Basketball Challenge that year. In 2007, she played with the national team that the competed in the Asia Oceania Qualification tournament, and the silver medal winning team that competed at the Osaka Cup. She also played with the 2008, 2009 and 2010 Osaka Cup-winning teams. In 2010, she was part of the fourth place-finishing Australian national squad that competed at the IWBF World Championships, in Birmingham, England.
Crispin was co-captain of the 2011 Under 25 (U25) Women’s Wheelchair Basketball team that competed at the U25 Women’s World Championship of Basketball, and finished second. She was the team’s top scorer in all but last two matches in the tournament, when as reporter Pat Koopman stated, “the opposition concentrated on nullifying her influence” on the games.”
In 2013 Crispin began playing for the University of Alabama, and won the Jessica Staley Impact Award and the Stephanie Wheeler Performance Award for 2013-14. The Alabama team of which she was part went through the season undefeated by women’s teams, and defeated the University of Illinois 58-52 to win the 2015 national championship on 28 February 2015.
In 2008, Crispin was named one of Australia’s Women’s National Wheelchair Basketball League (WNWBL) All-Star Five. She played her club basketball for WNWBL’s Western Stars. In the second round of the 2008 season, the Western Stars defeated the Hills Hornets 52-44. Playing for the Stars, wearing number 5, she scored 14 points in her team’s victory. She switched to the Dandenong Rangers for the 2011 season. In her debut game, she scored 28 points and 16 rebounds against her old team. The Rangers went on to win the 2011 WNWBL title, defeating the Sydney Uni Flames 62-59, in a match in which Crispin scored 16 points and was named to the league’s All-Star 5. She was with the Rangers again for the 2012 season, in which was named the 2012 WNWBL MVP of the Final Series after scoring 28 points in the Rangers’ Championship win against the Stacks Goudkamp Bears. In 2015 she joined the Minecraft Comets.

Olav Magne Dønnem

Olav Magne Donnem am Holmenkollen 2005
Olav Magne Dønnem (* 21. November 1980 in Øvre Surnadal) ist ein ehemaliger norwegischer Skispringer. Er ist Gesamtsieger des Skisprung-Continental-Cups 2003/04 und war vor allem bei Skifliegen erfolgreich.

Dønnem startete in der Saison 1998/99 erstmals im Weltcup und konnte bereits bei seinem dritten Weltcupspringen, am 19. Dezember 1998 in Harrachov, einen vierten Platz erringen. Im weiteren Saisonverlauf konnte er noch zwei mal, auf der Flugschanze in Planica, unter die besten Zehn vordringen. In der folgenden Saison verpasste er zumeist die Punkteränge. Lediglich beim Skifliegen am Kulm konnte er als 25. eine Punkteplatzierung belegen. Bei der während der Saison ausgetragenen Skiflug-Weltmeisterschaft 2000 belegte er den 19. Platz. Im Sommer 2000 nahm er an den Sommerskispringen des Grand Prix teil. Dabei konnte er wieder bessere Leistungen abrufen und belegte meist Plätze unter den besten Zwanzig. Im kommenden Weltcupwinter 2000/01, zu dessen Auftakt er einen Sieg bei einem Teamwettbewerb feiern konnte, konnte er an die Leistungen des Sommers anknüpfen und sich zumeist in den Punkterängen platzieren. Seine besten beiden Saisonergebnisse, zwei elfte Plätze, konnte er wieder auf Skiflugschanzen, in Harrachov und Planica, erringen. Beim Grand Prix im Sommer 2001 konnte er wieder stabile Leistungen erbringen. Im Winter 2001/02 ließ seine Form jedoch nach und er konnte, mit einem dreißigsten Platz in Trondheim, kurz vor Saisonende, nur einen einzigen Weltcuppunkt erringen. Zuvor war er bereits bei einem Anfang Januar in Innsbruck ausgetragenen Continental Cup (COC) gestartet und bei der Skiflug-Weltmeisterschaft 2002 als 42. bereits nach dem ersten Durchgang ausgeschieden. Im Sommer 2000 startete er zunächst wieder im COC, wechselte jedoch zum Ende des Sommers in den Grand Prix, wo ein 24. Platz in Lahti sein einziges Ergebnis blieb. Zu Beginn des Winters 2002/03 verpasste er bei den Weltcupspringen stets den zweiten Durchgang, weshalb er ab Mitte Dezember in den Continental Cup wechselte. Dort konnte er sich zumeist in den Punkterängen platzieren und auch einige Male unter die besten Zehn springen. Nachdem er im Sommer 2003 bei nur einem COC angetreten war, startete er zu Beginn des Winters 2003/04 wieder im Weltcup. Obwohl er mit einem 26. Platz beim Springen in Trondheim Weltcuppunkte erzielen konnte, startete er ab Mitte Dezember wieder im COC. Da ihm dort fast immer Platzierungen unter den besten Zehn gelangen und er einige Springen gewann, stand Dønnem am Saisonende als Gesamtsieger des Continental Cups fest. Nach dem Ende der COC-Saison trat er noch bei zwei in Norwegen stattfindenden Weltcups an, blieb jedoch erfolglos. Bei den Sommerspringen 2004 konnte er keine überzeugenden Leistungen bringen und verpasste so gut wie immer den zweiten Durchgang. Im Winter 2004/05 trat er durchgehend im Continental Cup an und konnte zumeist Plätze im vorderen Mittelfeld belegen. Nachdem er im Sommer 2005 und im Winter 2005/06 im Continental Cup stets um den Einzug in den zweiten Durchgang kämpfte, beendete er zum Saisonende seine aktive Karriere.
Aktuell ist Olav Magne Dønnem Trainer beim Team Trønderhopp in Trondheim und betreut dort als Co-Trainer gemeinsam mit Daniel Forfang und Chef-Trainer Geir Johnsen die Junioren.