Motilität

Motilität (lat. motio „Bewegung“) bezeichnet die Fähigkeit zur aktiven Bewegung. Dagegen wird die Eigenschaft, bewegt werden zu können, als Mobilität (passive Beweglichkeit) bezeichnet. Das Gegenwort ist Sessilität.

In der Biologie und der Medizin ist der Begriff Motilität etwas enger gefasst und beschränkt sich auf unwillkürliche Bewegungsvorgänge im Körper (z. B. Bewegungen des Darms; siehe Peristaltik). Eine überhöhte Bewegungsaktivität wird als Hypermotilität bezeichnet, eine verringerte als Hypomotilität.
Motilität der Zelle ist eine amöboide Bewegung der gesamten Zelle (wie bei Leukozyten) oder ein Fließen und Strömen im Protoplasma der Zelle.
Die Motilität der Spermien ist ein wichtiges Kriterium für die Spermaqualität bei der Künstlichen Befruchtung bzw. Künstlichen Besamung.
Der Begriff wird von Vincent Kaufmann, Max Bergman und Dominique Joye in der Soziologie verwendet. Er beschreibt die Fähigkeit der Menschen, sich zu bewegen, welche unter der Bevölkerung ungleich verteilt ist. Gewöhnlich wird dies als „Horizontale Mobilität“ behandelt. Canzler et al. definieren motility als die Kapazität oder die Kompetenz eines Akteurs, sich sozial und räumlich zu bewegen.

St Clair Thomson

Sir St Clair Thomson (28 July 1853 – 29 January 1943) was a British surgeon and professor of laryngology.
Thomson was born at Fahan, Londonderry, Northern Ireland and studied at King’s School, Peterborough from the age of ten, later gaining medical experience in general practice while apprenticed to his eldest brother. Thomson’s medical studies, started privately, continued from 1877 at King’s College London where he gained the qualifications MRCS (Member of the Royal College of Surgeons) in 1881 and MB (Bachelor of Medicine) in 1883. He then became house surgeon to Joseph Lister at King’s College Hospital.
Thomson went on to work at Queen Charlotte’s Hospital and as a surgeon on ships operated by Union-Castle Line on routes to South Africa. This was followed by several years as a physician in Europe, practising medicine in Florence and St Moritz. In the early 1890s he developed his professional interests beyond general practice and turned towards the study of laryngology. Famous laryngologists he visited in Vienna included Leopold von Schrötter and Karl Stoerk, along with the Austrian otologist Ádám Politzer. He also studied with German laryngologist Gustav Killian at Freiburg.
Thomson established himself as a consultant laryngologist following his return to London in 1893. After obtaining the further qualification FRCS (Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons), he lectured in medicine, carried out research, and helped edit the journal The Laryngoscope. His career in medicine and his chosen speciality advanced from surgeon (at the Royal Ear Hospital) and physician (at the Throat Hospital in Golden Square) to FRCP (1903) and “physician in charge” at King’s College Hospital in 1905, culminating in the post of professor of laryngology at King’s in 1908. Another peak of his career was his appointment as throat physician to King Edward VII. Thomson was knighted in 1912. After his retirement from medical practice at King’s in 1924, he held positions at the Royal College of Physicians as examiner and member of the council. He lectured on tuberculosis of the larynx, and received the 1936 Weber Parkes Medal for his tuberculosis research. Thomson also lectured and wrote on the subject of Shakespeare and medicine.
Major publications that Thomson authored or co-authored included Diseases of the Nose and Throat (1911) and Cancer of the Larynx (1930). Professional societies in which he held positions included the Medical Society of London (President in 1915-16) and the British Medical Association. He was also president of the Royal Society of Medicine from 1925 to 1927.
Thomson had married in 1901, but his wife Isabella died less than five years later in 1905. Thomson never remarried. His home in Wimpole Street in London, kept by his elder sister Matilda, housed his collection of Shakespearian prints, miniatures and pharmacy jars. Photographic portraits of Thomson, taken in 1938 by British photographer Howard Coster, are held at the National Portrait Gallery. Having settled in Scotland following wartime damage to his London home, Thomson was killed in a street accident in Edinburgh on 29 January 1943 at the age of 83.

Mount Kolah Qazi

Mount Kolah Qazi or Kuh-e Kolah Qazi is a mountain that is located about 30 kilometres southeast of the city of Isfahan in Isfahan Province in Iran. With an elevation of 2534 metres, the highest peak is in the north-central part of the mountain. Having a general northwest-southeast direction, this mountain is situated southeast of Mount Shah Kuh and west and almost parallel to Mount Qaruneh. With an average width of about 5 kilometres and a length of almost 20 kilometres, this mountain is a part of the Mount Kolah Qazi Protected Nature Reserve which covers an area of about 50,000 hectares of national park and 3,000 hectares of protected wildlife region.
In Persian ‘’kolah’’ means ‘’cap’’ or ‘’headdress’’ and ‘’qazi’’ means ‘’judge’’, so ‘’kolah qazi’’ or ‘’kolah-e qazi’’ means ‘’cap or headdress of a judge’’. This mountain is called Kolah Qazi because its highest peak looks like the headdress of the judges in old times.
Mount Kolah Qazi is located in Sanandaj-Sirjan geologic and structural zone of Iran and it is mainly made of Lower Cretaceous limestone. Only a very small part of the central and southern section of the mountain is formed by Upper Jurassic granodiorite.

Battle of Logiebride

The Battle of Logiebride or Logie-Riach, also known as a Tumult in Ross was more of a small skirmish rather than an actual battle. The disturbance is said to have taken place on 4 February 1597 at the Logie Candlemas market near Conan House (a mile south-west of Conon Bridge) between men of the Clan Mackenzie against men of the Clan Munro and the Bain family of Tulloch Castle.

John MacLeod, brother (a record of the Privy Council, dated 25 Dec1595, states that he was the younger son of the Laird of Raasay, and names him Iain MacCaluim MacGillichaluim. The laird of Raasay at that time was Calum Og, son of Calum Garbh, son of Alasdair) of the chief of the Clan MacLeod of Raasay was on the rampage in Easter Ross, with a small party of men. He was confronted by John Bain, brother of the chief of the Clan Bain of Tulloch Castle. In the ensuing battle men from the Clan Munro sided with Bain while men from the Clan Mackenzie sided with MacLeod.
The earliest account of the Battle of Logiebride was that by Sir Robert Gordon (1580–1656) who was living at the time of the battle, in his book the History of the Earldom of Sutherland written in about 1625. His account is repeated in the book Conflicts of the Clans which was published by the Foulis press in 1764.
Gordon states that in 1597 an “accident” happened in Ross at a fair in Lagavraid which almost put all the neighboring counties of Ross into combustion. He states that the quarrel was between John Macgillichallum brother to the (Laird of Raasay) and Alexander Bain (brother of Duncan Bain of Tulloch). Gordon goes on to state that the Munros assisted Bain and the Mackenzies assisted John Macgillichallum, who was killed along with John Mac-Murdo Mac-William, and three others of the Clan MacKenzie. Alexander Bain escaped but on his side John Munro of Culcraggie, with his brother, Hutcheon Munro, and John Munro Robertson were killed. The Munros and Mackenzies then prepared to invade each other but were reconciled by friends and neighbors.
The Wardlaw manuscript was written in about 1674 by James Fraser. Fraser states that the battle took place on the 4 February 1597 at the Candlemas fair called Bridfaire (St Bridget’s Fair) in a town called Lagy Vrud (Logy, Conan), in Ross upon the river of Connin. The quarrel began between John Mackillchallim, a Mackleud (MacLeod), brother to the Laird of Rasey and another gentleman, John Bain, brother of Duncan Bain, Baron of Tulloch, near Dingwall. Fraser states that John Mackillchallum was a vile, flgitious, proflagat fellow, and ravaging robber, picking quarrells with all men, he frequented markets for the purpose of taking advantage of poor chapmen and merchants, pillaging and robbing their shops without resistance. He was also a relation of the Mackenzies and was patronized by them. At this fair he had 6 or 7 bold followers with him. John Bain, a gallant courageous gentlemen, saw him abuse a merchants wife and take away his goods by violence. Bain challenged him, commanding him to give it back or he would make him do it. After verba verbera from words to swords, John Bain draws upon him and gave him two or three deadly wounds. Three Mackenzies were also killed. Upon John Bain’s side were killed John Monro of Cularge, and Hugh, his brother and John Monro Robertson. The chase run down the firth towards the mill of Arkaig and the wood of Milchaich, where many were wounded and some slain. John Bain with his Fraser amour bearer withdrew and deliberately escaped to Lovat. The next morning Fraser, Lord Lovat dispatched James Fraser of Phopachy to King James, being then at Falkland, with an account of what had happened. The King sent John Bain full remission and personal protection and a warrand and power to charge the Laird Mackenzie of Kintail with intercommoning, and all the accomplices of John Mackilchallim.
A Munro family tree dating from 1734 only mentions two casualties and agrees with the original account written by Sir Robert Gordon that John Munro of Culcraggie and Hutcheon Munro were killed in the battle. The Munro tree of 1734 does not mention the thirteen Munro casualties mentioned by historian Alexander Mackenzie in his books the History of the Mackenzies (1894) and the History of the Munros of Foulis (1898).
Historian John Anderson published an account of the battle in his book Historical Account of the Clan Fraser in 1825. Anderson quotes from the MSS History of the Frasers (Wardlaw Manuscript c.1674, written by James Fraser of Wardlaw) and the Mackenzie MSS (Applecross MS c.1667, written by John Mackenzie of Applecross). Anderson’s account is very similar to that given in James Fraser’s Wardlaw MS. Anderson also states that a different colour is given in the account by the Mackenzies, but they agree on the main points.
Alexander Mackenzie later published an account of the battle in his book The History of the Mackenzies (1894) and a similar account in his book the The History of the Munros of Fowlis (1898). In The History of Mackenzies, historian Alexander Mackenzie quotes his account of the battle “from family MSS” and Sir Robert Gordon’s “Earldom of Sutherland”. However the account he goes on to give is completely different from the account that is actually given by Sir Robert Gordon. The family MSS is believed to have been the Applecross MS written by John Mackenzie of Applecross in 1667.
Alexander Mackenzie says that a “disturbance” took place at Logie-Riach, on the banks of the river Conon on the 4th of February 1597. It was fought between the Mackenzies against the Bain’s and Munros, in which several of the latter were slain. Mackenzie states that a difference arose between John MacGilliechallum brother of MacLeod, Laird of Raasay and the Bain’s about the lands of Torridon. Bain attended the Candlemas market at Logie with a large following of armed men which included Bain’s and a considerable number of Munros. Mackenzie states that John MacGilliechallum came to the fair too and while he was buying something Bain came up behind him and without warning struck him on the head with a sword killing him instantly. Mackenzie goes on to say that one of the Mackenzies tried to interfere but no sooner had he opened his mouth that he was run through the body by one of the Bain’s. Mackenzie states that the war cry of the Clan Mackenzie was raised and the Bain’s and Munros then fled followed by a band of Mackenzies, who slaughtered everyone they overtook. Mackenzie goes on to say that two Mackenzies named Ian Dubh MacCoinnich Mhic Mhurchaidh and Ian Gallda Mac Fhionnla Dhuibh having learned of the cause of the Munros flight slew no less than thirteen of them between Logie and the wood of Millechaich. Mackenzie concludes that most of the Bains were killed and that the Munros lost no less than fifty men.
A recent published account of the battle was written by Alan Mackenzie of the Clan Mackenzie Society USA and Canada, in his book, A History of the Mackenzies, and is almost identical to the earliest account written by Sir Robert Gordon, a contemporary in his book the History of the Earldom of Sutherland written in about 1625.

Bobbi Jordan

Bobbi Jordan (* 4. April 1937 in Hardinsburg, Kentucky; † 9. November 2012 in Encinitas, Kalifornien) war eine US-amerikanische Schauspielerin.

Jordan wurde als Roberta Carol Bartlett in Hardinsburg im US-Bundesstaat Kentucky geboren; dort wuchs sie auch auf. Sie wollte ursprünglich Opernsängerin werden. Sie ging daher zunächst nach Chicago und dann nach Los Angeles, um Gesang zu studieren. Mit verschiedenen Jobs als Kellnerin hielt sie sich in dieser Zeit in Kalifornien finanziell über Wasser. Der Manager eines Nachtclubs, in dem Jordan arbeitete, hörte sie in der Küche singen und gab ihr die Chance zu einem Vorsingen für ein Musical, das in dem Nachtclub aufgeführt werden sollte. Jordan erhielt die Hauptrolle in der Produktion, einer modernen Variante des Aschenputtel-Stoffes. Bald darauf wurde sie von der William Morris Agency, einer renommierten US-amerikanischen Künstleragentur, unter Vertrag genommen.
Jordan war im Verlauf ihrer Karriere immer wieder als Bühnenschauspielerin und Musicaldarstellerin tätig. Sie übernahm die Hauptrolle in der ersten Landesweiten Tournee-Produktion des Musicals Company von Stephen Sondheim. Außerdem spielte sie meist in regionalen Produktionen von Musicals, unter anderem in South Pacific, Guys and Dolls und Damn Yankees.
Ab den 1960er Jahren arbeitete Jordan hauptsächlich für das Fernsehen. Ihre erste durchgehende Serienhauptrolle hatte sie 1966 in der ABC-Westernserie Diese Pechvögel. Besondere Bekanntheit erlangte sie Mitte der 1970er Jahre durch ihre Mitwirkung in der Seifenoper General Hospital. Sie verkörperte die Nachtclubbesitzerin und frühere Nachtclubsängerin Terri Webber Arnett. Drei Jahre gehörte Jordan zur Stammbesetzung der Serie.
Sie hatte außerdem zahlreiche Episodenrollen und Gastrollen in US-amerikanischen Fernsehserien, unter anderem in Solo für O.N.K.E.L. (1967), Der Chef (1969), Männerwirtschaft (1973), Police Story (1974), Joe and Sons (1975/1976), Drei Engel für Charlie (1979), Quincy (1979; 1981), Nero Wolfe (1981), Ein Engel auf Erden (1987) und Zeit der Sehnsucht (1993).
Jordan spielte auch in einigen Kinofilmen mit; dort hatte sie meist kleine Nebenrollen. Ihr Kino-Debüt gab sie 1967 als Kellnerin in der Filmkomödie Leitfaden für Seitensprünge, mit Walter Matthau in der Hauptrolle. In dem Filmmusical Mame (1974), mit Lucille Ball und Beatrice Arthur in den Hauptrollen, spielte sie Pegeen, ein Stubenmädchen bei Mame Dennis, dem es schließlich gelingt, Mames Neffen Patrick (gespielt von Bruce Davison) zu heiraten.
Jordan war mit dem Drehbuchautor Bill Jacobson, dem Chefautor der Unterhaltungssendung The Kate Smith Show verheiratet. Aus der Ehe ging ein Sohn, Jordan Roberts, hervor. Bill Jacobson starb 2011. Bobbi Jordan starb im Alter von 75 Jahren in ihrem Haus in Encinitas, Kalifornien an Herzversagen.

Charles Ragon de Bange

Charles Ragon de Bange, né le 17 octobre 1833 à Balignicourt et décédé le 9 juillet 1914 à Le Chesnay, était un Polytechnicien et colonel d’artillerie français, directeur de l’Atelier-de-précision du dépôt central de Paris. Il est le concepteur d’un système d’arme (obturateur de Bange) qui accroît la vitesse de chargement des canons, procédé si efficace qu’il est toujours en utilisation de nos jours.

Il entra à École polytechnique en 1853 d’où il sortit pour servir dans l’artillerie. Lieutenant il combattit à la Bataille de Solférino et, lorsqu’il rentra en France, il choisit de servir dans les services techniques. Il fut capitaine en 1862, servit au 9e régiment de Besançon (1867-1869), puis entra à l’Atelier de précision au Dépôt Central de Paris (1869-1882). Il passa chef d’escadron en 1874, lieutenant-colonel en 1878 et colonel en 1880. Il reçut la Légion d’honneur en 1876 et en devint Commandeur en 1889.
De rapides progrès se firent jour après les années 1870 et rapidement acceptés par l’armée pour relever le défi de la défaite face aux Prussiens. Les canons Gribeauval (en bronze) avaient été modernisés par de Reffye (modèle 1870 avec mise en en place d’une culasse) et par Lahitolle (modèle 1875) avec l’utilisation de l’acier pour le tube du canon.
L’apparition de la mélinite et de la « poudre B » augmentèrent les performances des munitions mais en même temps les contraintes sur les systèmes d’armes. Les fusils connaissaient parallèlement une évolution majeure avec la mise en service du Chassepot modèle 1866.
En 1872, de Bange dessine le système de Bange, un type d’obturateur pour les canons qui permit une étanchéité plus importante de la culasse des éléments d’artillerie,..
Jusque là, les systèmes en service ne rendaient pas la culasse étanche et subissaient des retours de flammes, dangereux pour les artilleurs, ainsi qu’une perte de puissance, ce qui faisait qu’ils n’étaient pas satisfaisant. La culasse coulissante à vis interrompue en forme de champignon était complètement étanche. et son système est toujours celui qui est utilisé de nos jours. Le système s’ouvrait vers l’arrière avec une partie mobile qui laissait entrer la douille permettant un usage rapide et efficace du canon ; cette partie pouvait ensuite effectuer une rotation qui assurait la fermeture de la culasse. Cette partie rayée s’emboitait dans les mêmes rayures sur le canon, lisse en face de rayé pour ouvrir, rayé dans rayé pour maintenir fermé et donc tirer, le tout se réalisait en quelques secondes, à la main et par un seul homme.
Une fois fermée, la culasse devait son étanchéité à la présence d’un champignon central qui sous la pression de l’explosion reculait en appuyant sur la chambre, l’ensemble était facilité par une graisse à l’amiante.
Le système de Bange fut rapidement adopté par les forces armées française mais aussi dans la Royal Navy et l’United States Navy en raison de leurs gros canons de marine ne pouvant être chargés que par une culasse.
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Mais le recul non maitrisé empêchait un tir réellement rapide, il fallait remettre à la culée après chaque tir ou avoir un canon sur un affût fixe comme pour les navires.
En 1873, il devint le directeur des Ateliers de précision au Dépôt Central de Paris avec pour tâche de redessiner tous les canons de l’armée. Il mena cette tâche à bien en concevant :
Ce système d’arme connut ses heures de gloires lors des guerres coloniales mais a aussi massivement servi lors de la Première Guerre mondiale; le grand besoin de canon fit qu’ils furent utilisés sur tous les fronts, et il restait encore certains de ces canons en service pendant la Seconde guerre mondiale.
De 1882 à 1889, de Bange fut le directeur de la Société anonyme des anciens établissements Cail; il y travailla comme concepteur d’armes mais aussi à leur commercialisation comme par exemple en Serbie.
un de Bange donné aux finlandais pour la Deuxième guerre mondiale qui en firent un canon de forteresse.
un mortier de 200 de Bange à la garnison de Toul vers 1880.
Un 155 L en action en 1915.
155L présenté devant le mémorial de Verdun.
une culasse de 155 ouverte.
Outre la renommée de son système et les canons associés à son nom, une rue de Versailles à Le Chesnay porte son nom, ainsi qu’une école en la même ville.
Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

Gimnazjum im. Króla Zygmunta Augusta w Wilnie

Gimnazjum im. Króla Zygmunta Augusta w Wilnie – polska męska szkoła średnia, istniejąca w latach 1915–1939.
Gimnazjum powstało w końcu sierpnia 1915 roku, jako szkoła Stowarzyszenia Nauczycielstwa Polskiego – równolegle zaczęła działać szkoła żeńska, późniejsze gimnazjum im. Orzeszkowej. Inicjatorem powstania tych placówek był Stanisław Kościałkowski, przez kilka następnych lat nadzorujący ich działanie. Pierwszym dyrektorem szkoły, mieszczącej się wówczas przy ul. Wileńskiej 10, został Stanisław Zieliński.
Przez pierwsze trzy lata (1915-1917) szkoła borykała się z wieloma problemami, spowodowanymi i działalnością okupacyjnych władz niemieckich, i brakiem środków finansowych. Jeszcze gorsza sytuacja nastąpiła w czasie okupacji miasta przez bolszewików, nauki jednak nie przerwano. Sytuacja poprawiła się po zajęciu Wilna przez wojsko polskie w kwietniu 1919 roku – szkoła otrzymała wsparcie materialne władz państwowych, przeprowadziła się też do obszernego budynku przy ul. Mała Pohulanka 11. Kierownictwo szkoły objął Zygmunt Fedorowicz.
W roku 1920 gimnazjum zostało upaństwowiona i przyjęło imię Zygmunta II Augusta, uzyskało też prawa szkoły publicznej. Od 1932 roku, w wyniku reformy jędrzejewiczowskiej, szkoła stała się Gimnazjum i Liceum im. Zygmunta Augusta. Przestała istnieć, podobnie jak inne polskie szkoły średnie w Wilnie, w grudniu 1939 roku – przekształcono ją w Wileńskie Gimnazjum Państwowe z wykładowym językiem polskim.
Absolwentami Gimnazjum im. Króla Zygmunta Augusta byli m.in. Edward Borowski, Antoni Gołubiew, Zbigniew Ihnatowicz, Tadeusz Konwicki, Czesław Miłosz, Jan Safarewicz, Andrew Schally, Stanisław Stomma, Andrzej Święcicki, Ignacy Święcicki, Wiktor Trościanko, Ananiasz Zajączkowski, Czesław Zgorzelski.

Sailing at the 2016 Summer Olympics

Sailing at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro is scheduled to be held from 5–21 August at Marina da Gloria in Guanabara Bay. The venue has been criticized by many, including the former CEO of World Sailing Peter Sowrey, as being the viral equivalent of raw sewage. The sailing classes have two changes from the 2012 Summer Olympics events. There will be 10 events.

Windsurfing (RS:X), Laser, Laser Radial, Finn, 470, and 49er all return for 2016.
The ISAF Council voted in May 2012 to replace windsurfing with kitesurfing and reaffirmed that vote on 9 November 2012. The move was controversial as former gold medalist and IOC member Barbara Kendall said she would challenge the decision and that “it’s exciting for kiteboarding but tragic for windsurfing. Kiteboarding really is a sport that should be at the X-Games.”
However, on 10 November 2012, the delegates at the International Sailing Federation’s General Assembly voted to keep windsurfing at the 2016 Olympic Games overturning the ISAF Council’s earlier votes to replace it with kitesurfing.
ISAF President Göran Petersson said that the changes “mark a new era for sailing and we welcome the new classes into the ISAF family. We look forward to seeing the boats not only at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games, but the ISAF Sailing World Cup and ISAF Sailing World Championships.
A total of 380 athletes will compete in the sailing competitions of the Games. The qualification period will begin at the 2014 ISAF Sailing World Championships in September 2014. As hosts, Brazil is guaranteed one quota place in each of the ten events.
The competition will start on 5 August and run until the last day of the Games on 21 August.
2016: Women’s RS:X details
2016: Laser Radial details
2016: Women’s 470 details
2016: 49erFX details
2016: Men’s RS:X details
2016: Laser details
2016: Finn details
2016: Men’s 470 details
2016: 49er details
2016: Nacra 17 details

Glory Road

Glory Road is a novel by Robert A. Heinlein, originally serialized in The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction (July – September 1963) and published in hardcover the same year. It was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1964. Like other works, such as the works of Roger Zelazny, it is difficult to categorize Glory Road as either fantasy or science fiction, somewhat in line with the Arthur Clarke observation that “any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.”

Evelyn Cyril “E.C.” Gordon (also known as “Easy” and “Flash”) had been recently discharged from an unnamed war in Southeast Asia. He is pondering what to do with his future and considers spending a year traveling in France. He is presented with a dilemma: follow up on a possible winning entry in the Irish Sweepstakes or respond to a newspaper ad which asks “Are you a coward?”. He settles on the latter, discovering it has been placed by Star, a stunningly gorgeous woman he had previously met on Île du Levant. Star informs him that he is the one to embark on a perilous quest to retrieve the Egg of the Phoenix. When she asks what to call him, he wants to suggest Scarface, referring to the scar on his face, but she stops him as he is saying “Oh, Scar…” and repeats this as “Oscar”, and thus gives him his new name. Along with Rufo, her assistant, who appears to be a man in his fifties, they tread the “Glory Road” in swashbuckling style, slaying dragons and other exotic creatures.
Shortly before the final quest for the Egg itself, Oscar and Star get married. The team then proceeds to enter the tower in which the Egg has been hidden, navigating a maze of illusions and optical tricks. Oscar scouts ahead and encounters a fearsome foe who resembles a 17th-century swordsman, the final guardian of the Egg. After a long fight, the party escapes with the Egg. When they arrive in the universe of Star, Rufo informs Oscar that Star is actually the empress of many worlds—and Rufo’s grandmother.
The Egg is a cybernetic device that contains the knowledge and experiences of most of her predecessors. Despite her youthful appearance, she is the mother of dozens of children, and has undergone special medical treatments that extend her life much longer than usual. She has Oscar unknowingly receive the same treatments.
Initially, Oscar enjoys his new-found prestige and luxurious life as the husband of the empress of worlds across the Twenty Universes. However, as time goes on, he grows bored and feels out of place and useless. When he demands Star’s professional judgment, she tells him that he must leave; her world has no place or need for a hero of his stature. It will be decades before she can complete the transfer of the knowledge held in the Egg, so he must go alone. He returns to Earth, but has difficulty readjusting to his own world, despite having brought great wealth along with him. He begins to doubt his own sanity and whether the adventure even happened. The story ends as he is contacted by Rufo to set up another trip on the Glory Road.
Samuel R. Delany called the novel “endlessly fascinating” and said it “maintains a delicacy, a bravura, and a joy.” It was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1964, losing to Way Station by Clifford D. Simak.
Various editions of the novel have been published:
Star is one of several characters Heinlein included in his 1985 novel The Cat Who Walks Through Walls. Star is also mentioned in The Number of the Beast.

Inthasom

Inthasom (auch Inta Som geschrieben, voller Thronname Somdet Brhat Chao Raja Indra Parama Pavitra Sri Tatana Udana Chakrapatiraja Chao Anga Raja Sri Sadhana Kanayudha; * im 17. Jahrhundert; † 1749 in Luang Phrabang) war von 1723 bis 1749 König des Königreichs Luang Phrabang.
Inthasom war der jüngere Sohn von Prinz Indra Brahma (Enta Prohm), Chao Raja Yudha, und dessen Frau Prinzessin Chandra Kumari (Chanta Khuman). Er war damit ein Enkel von Sulinyavongsa, dem letzten großen König von Lan Xang und der jüngere Bruder von Kingkitsarat. Er wurde im Elternhaus ausgebildet. Nachdem er 1713 vom Tode seines älteren Bruders Kingkitsarat erfahren hatte, marschierte er im Glauben auf seine höheren Thronrechte gegenüber seinem Cousin Ong Kham gegen Luang Phrabang. Anstatt einen Krieg anzuzetteln einigten sich die beiden Kontrahenten auf eine Gewaltenteilung, die Inthasom den Posten eines Vizekönigs, Maha Uparat, einbrachte.
Nach einer zehnjährigen gemeinsamen Regierung war Inthasom der untergeordneten Stellung müde, und ließ seinen Cousin absetzen, der sich auf einem Jagdausflug nach Turteltauben befand. Die Tore von Luang Phrabang wurden für den alten König geschlossen. Als Gegengewicht gegen Birma wurden Beziehungen zu China geknüpft, dem Inthasom Tribut zuweisen ließ. Entsprechende Missionen erreichten das Reich der Mitte 1723, 1734 und 1753.
Inthasom war seit 1725 verheiratet mit Königin (Maha Devi) Dhanasavuni (Taen Sao), die mit ihm drei Söhne und eine Tochter hatte. Sie war vorher Frau des abgesetzten Königs Ong Kham.
Inthasom starb 1749 und hinterließ zehn Söhne und sechs Töchter.

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